Table 32Characteristics of studies on impact of timing

Study and Risk of Bias, Prevention TypeStudy Design, InterventionTiming of Treatment After Trauma (N)Population and Trauma TypePrimary Outcome Measure and Baseline ScoreMean Age and Age Range (Years)Percentage Female
Campfield et al., 2001134

Medium

Universal
Unblinded RCT, CISDImmediate CISD: <10 hours (36)
Delayed CISD: >48 hours (41)
Civilian crime victims (robbery)PDS total score and symptom severity score

Baseline: NR
22.82a (18–32)54.5

CISD = Critical Incident Stress Debriefing; n = subset of sample; NR = not reported; PDS = Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale; RCT = randomized controlled trial

a

Data not directly provided by the study authors. Data provided here are calculated by authors of this report.

From: Results

Cover of Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma
Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 109.
Gartlehner G, Forneris CA, Brownley KA, et al.

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