Table 27Characteristics of included cognitive therapy versus exposure therapy trials

Study and Risk of Bias, Prevention TypeStudy Design, Intervention (n)Treatment Duration (Followup Duration)Population and Trauma TypePrimary Outcome Measure and Baseline ScoreMean Age and Age Range (Years)Percentage Female
Bryant et al., 2008123

Low

Targeted
Outcome assessors blinded RCT, PE (30)
CT (30)
Five weekly sessions (6 months)Civilian mixed (MVA, “other trauma,” physical assault, and “other accident”)CAPS-2 total score, PE: 70.6
CT: 66.8
35.8a57.8a
Shalev et al., 2011122

Medium

Targeted
Outcome assessors blinded RCT, PE (63)
CT (40)
12 weekly 1.5-hour individual sessions (5 and 9 months)Civilian mixed (Terrorist attacks, MVAs, work or other accidents)CAPS total score, PE: 73.59
CT: 71.78
39.8a52

CAPS/CAPS-2 = Clinician Administered PTSD Scale/Clinician Administered PTSD Scale-2; CT = cognitive therapy; MVA = motor vehicle accident; n = subset of sample; NR = not reported; PE = prolonged exposure therapy; RCT = randomized controlled trial

a

Data not directly provided by the study authors. Data provided here are calculated by authors of this report.

From: Results

Cover of Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma
Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 109.
Gartlehner G, Forneris CA, Brownley KA, et al.

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