TABLE 2Summary of average temperature reduction with head cooling

Head-cooling methodCooling durationIntracranial temperature reduction (total no. of cooled patients)Core trunk temperature reduction (total no. of cooled patients)
Rhinochill
Sung 2009,54 Andreas 2008,55 Busch 201059
1 hour1.4 °C (n = 11)1.1–1.3 °Ca (n = 106)
Nasal airflow + head fanning
Harris 200747
30 minutes0.41 °C (n = 12)0.32 °C (n = 12)
Ice packs to craniectomy site
Forte 200952
48 hours1.9 °C (n = 23)Not reported
Liquid cooling of head and neck
Wang 2004,50 Harris 2009,45 Gaida 2008,51 TraumaTec Neuro-Wrap ICU Study Miller 200953
1–24 hours1–2 °C (n = 34)0.8 °C (n = 6)
a

Includes mean and median data, all other temperatures are mean reductions.

From: 4, Results

Cover of Systematic Review of Head Cooling in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury and Stroke
Systematic Review of Head Cooling in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury and Stroke.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.45.
Harris B, Andrews PJD, Murray GD, et al.
Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Nov.
© 2012, Crown Copyright.

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