This figure illustrates the flow and relationship of series key questions for scope development of each of the topics in the “Closing the Quality Gap” series. Starting with the boxes on the left is Key Question 1, The Quality Gap, which is addressed by three elements: (1) Information/Data, achieved through measuring, (2) Incentives, or influencing, and (3) Infrastructure & Processes for improving. Key Question 1 flows to Key Question 2, Target Audience(s) at two levels of implementation: Macro, which includes Policy/Market and Organization, and Micro, which includes the Clinician and the Patient. Key Question 2 flows into the final Key Question 3 at the right of the figure, titled Evidence Available. This is addressed by the State of the Science which incorporates Concepts, Content—including PICOTS, Methods, and Context-sensitivity.

Figure 1Analytic sequence of Closing the Quality Gap series Key Questions for topic scope development

KQ = Key Question; PICOTS = populations, interventions, comparators, outcomes, timing, and setting

From: Introduction to the Series Development

Cover of Through the Quality Kaleidoscope: Reflections on the Science and Practice of Improving Health Care Quality
Through the Quality Kaleidoscope: Reflections on the Science and Practice of Improving Health Care Quality: Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science [Internet].
McDonald KM, Chang C, Schultz E.

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