Find the line with a specific age and smoking status. The numbers in that row tell you how many out of 1,000 women in that group will die in the next 10 years from . . .

AgeSmoking StatusVascular DiseaseCancerInfectionLung DiseaseAccidentsAll Causes Combined
Heart AttackStrokeLungBreastColonOvarianCervicalPneumoniaFluAIDSCOPD
50Never smoked411411237
Smoker1351441114269
55Never smoked822622111255
Smoker206265221192110

Note: Shaded portions mean that the chance is less than 1 out of 1,000. COPD is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

From: Chapter 3, Risk Charts

Cover of Know Your Chances
Know Your Chances: Understanding Health Statistics.
Woloshin S, Schwartz LM, Welch HG.
Berkeley (CA): University of California Press; 2008.
Copyright © 2008, The Regents of the University of California.

Know Your Chances: Understanding Health Statistics is hereby licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license, which permits copying, distribution, and transmission of the work, provided the original work is properly cited, not used for commercial purposes, nor is altered or transformed.

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