Table 3B.7Deaths by Cause, Sex, and Age in the Sub-Saharan Africa Region, 2001 (thousands)

Male Female
Cause Total 0–4 5–14 15–29 30–44 45–59 60–69 70–79 80+ Total 0–4 5–14 15–29 30–44 45–59 60–69 70–79 80+ Total
Population (millions) 668 57 92 93 49 26 9 4 1 331 56 91 93 51 28 11 5 1 336
All causes 10,837 2,367 281 529 852 632 412 366 170 5,611 2,137 289 698 678 466 350 384 225 5,227
I. Communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritional conditions 7,747 2,252 179 289 603 331 135 73 26 3,888 2,046 221 616 573 231 79 62 31 3,859
A. Infectious and parasitic diseases 5,702 1,428 150 277 580 297 100 45 16 2,893 1,436 176 449 447 188 57 37 18 2,809
  1. Tuberculosis 317 12 7 49 68 51 19 9 3 218 11 6 30 26 13 9 4 1 99
  2. Sexually transmitted diseases excluding HIV/AIDS 90 17 0 1 10 17 3 0 0 48 12 0 12 8 6 2 1 0 42
   a. Syphilis87170191730047110128621040
   b. Chlamydia100001
   c. Gonorrhea10000000000
   d. Other sexually transmitted diseases2000000001000000001
  3. HIV/AIDS 2,058 159 48 185 440 148 23 3 0 1,007 154 47 349 374 108 17 4 0 1,051
  4. Diarrheal diseases 712 337 1 2 4 6 6 8 8 373 306 1 1 2 4 6 8 11 339
  5. Childhood-cluster diseases 745 308 50 8 4 2 1 0 0 373 305 52 8 4 2 1 0 0 372
   a. Pertussis17688888888
   b. Poliomyelitis00000
   c. Diphtheria1101101
   d. Measles447177443224175453223
   e. Tetanus1214365421006042654210060
  6. Meningitis 23 5 2 1 2 2 1 0 0 12 4 4 2 0 1 0 0 0 11
  7. Hepatitis Ba 21 1 3 1 3 2 1 0 0 12 4 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 9
    Hepatitis Ca 8 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 5 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 3
  8. Malaria 1,093 467 7 9 10 10 7 6 3 518 518 7 11 11 12 7 6 4 575
  9. Tropical-cluster diseases 58 3 12 8 7 5 1 1 0 38 1 7 5 3 3 0 0 0 20
   a. Trypanosomiasis4821166510031164320017
   b. Chagas' disease
   c. Schistosomiasis2000001001000000001
   d. Leishmaniasis81221000601100002
   e. Lymphatic filariasis000000000000000000
   f. Onchocerciasis
  10. Leprosy 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  11. Dengue 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  12. Japanese encephalitis
  13. Trachoma
  14. Intestinal nematode infections 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
   a. Ascariasis100000000
   b. Trichuriasis10000000000000000
   c. Hookworm disease200000000100000001
    Other intestinal infections00000000000000000
    Other infectious diseases57211718123152381712871215129183814122285
B. Respiratory infections 1,094 439 26 12 22 31 29 23 9 590 318 40 39 29 26 19 21 12 504
  1. Lower respiratory infections1,080435241121312823958331736392826192112497
  2. Upper respiratory infections13310001006240000006
  3. Otitis media10100010000
C. Maternal conditions 237 0 126 97 14 237
  1. Maternal hemorrhage602628560
  2. Maternal sepsis442020444
  3. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy3201911132
  4. Obstructed labor22147022
  5. Abortion2822728
   Other maternal conditions522424452
D. Perinatal conditionsb 573 332 332 241 241
  1. Low birthweight243141141102102
  2. Birth asphyxia and birth trauma240139139101101
   Other perinatal conditions9052523838
E. Nutritional deficiencies 140 53 3 0 1 4 5 4 2 73 50 5 1 1 2 4 3 1 67
  1. Protein-energy malnutrition994020024425534111143145
  2. Iodine deficiency3100000001100000001
  3. Vitamin A deficiency187100000088100000010
  4. Iron-deficiency anemia185100110087200100011
   Other nutritional disorders2100000001100000001
II. Noncommunicable diseases 2,283 65 18 45 102 225 249 279 140 1,122 54 18 43 72 211 259 314 190 1,161
A. Malignant neoplasms 409 2 3 6 16 51 57 57 23 214 2 3 5 18 53 48 47 19 194
  1. Mouth and oropharynx cancers190001443113000012216
  2. Esophageal cancer240001553115000122219
  3. Stomach cancer3300015542180001444215
  4. Colon and rectal cancers200001333111000122219
  5. Liver cancer46001411851310012434115
  6. Pancreas cancer8000011104000011104
  7. Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers150001442111000011104
  8. Melanoma and other skin cancers8000011104000011215
  9. Breast cancer3400000000041197334
  10. Cervix uteri cancer38001212109238
  11. Corpus uteri cancer3000011103
  12. Ovarian cancer9000132219
  13. Prostate cancer40000031118840
  14. Bladder cancer10000012217000011103
  15. Lymphomas and multiple myeloma3412234442211211223113
  16. Leukemia14001111117001121116
   Other malignant neoplasms5511128984321102556323
B. Other neoplasms 10 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 5 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 5
C. Diabetes mellitus 82 0 0 1 3 7 8 8 3 30 0 0 1 2 12 16 15 5 52
D. Endocrine disorders 28 3 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 12 4 0 1 1 3 3 2 1 16
E. Neuropsychiatric conditions 93 8 5 9 10 9 6 6 3 56 7 4 6 4 5 4 5 3 37
  1. Unipolar depressive disorders000000
  2. Bipolar affective disorder
  3. Schizophrenia0000000000
  4. Epilepsy3822654211232242211115
  5. Alcohol use disorders70221105011002
  6. Alzheimer's and other dementias7000000114000001113
  7. Parkinson's disease50000111300000112
  8. Multiple sclerosis000000000000000
  9. Drug use disorders411100030000001
  10. Post-traumatic stress disorder
  11. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  12. Panic disorder
  13. Insomnia (primary)
  14. Migraine
  15. Mental retardation, lead-caused00000000000000
   Other neuropsychiatric disorders3253222210185221211014
F. Sense organ diseases 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Glaucoma000
  2. Cataracts
  3. Vision disorders, age-related
  4. Hearing loss, adult onset
   Other sense organ disorders0000000000000000000
G. Cardiovascular diseases 1,048 4 3 12 35 91 112 137 76 469 5 4 14 26 91 133 180 125 579
  1. Rheumatic heart disease190121100060132311013
  2. Hypertensive heart disease660002567424000271014942
  3. Ischemic heart disease343001739525822179001326465531163
  4. Cerebrovascular disease3550141128364422145013837536741209
  5. Inflammatory heart diseases4321234342222122444321
   Other cardiovascular diseases223114111315242593216815193841130
H. Respiratory diseases 253 9 2 5 12 28 35 39 19 149 7 1 5 7 16 22 29 17 104
  1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease11600131320251274000161015942
  2. Asthma2610123331130011233212
   Other respiratory diseases112814712121266261457911750
I. Digestive diseases 164 3 2 7 18 26 18 16 5 95 1 2 6 8 15 15 14 7 69
  1. Peptic ulcer disease15001222118000111217
  2. Cirrhosis of the liver59001613972380012664122
  3. Appendicitis200000000100000001
   Other digestive diseases883251111873481155788540
J. Genitourinary diseases 107 3 1 3 4 7 10 13 8 48 2 1 2 3 12 14 16 9 59
  1. Nephritis and nephrosis1012134710117451123111415856
  2. Benign prostatic hypertrophy200112
   Other genitourinary system diseases4000000102000000112
K. Skin diseases 20 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 6 0 0 0 1 3 3 3 3 13
L. Musculoskeletal diseases 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 4
  1. Rheumatoid arthritis100000000000001
  2. Osteoarthritis0000000000
  3. Gout00000
  4. Low back pain0000000000000
   Other musculoskeletal disorders5000000102001110003
M. Congenital anomalies 63 32 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 35 26 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 28
  1. Abdominal wall defect111101
  2. Anencephaly21011001
  3. Anorectal atresia000000
  4. Cleft lip00000
  5. Cleft palate00000
  6. Esophageal atresia0000
  7. Renal agenesis00000000
  8. Down syndrome530000310002
  9. Congenital heart anomalies2010100000011800000009
  10.Spina bifida4200220002
   Other congenital anomalies311510000001713100000014
N. Oral conditions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Dental caries
  2. Periodontal disease
  3. Edentulism
   Other oral diseases00000000000000
III. Injuries 807 51 84 196 147 76 29 14 4 600 37 51 39 32 23 11 8 4 207
A. Unintentional injuries 494 48 77 80 65 41 16 9 3 339 34 45 25 19 15 8 6 3 155
  1. Road traffic accidents2001241272818741137725118742163
  2. Poisonings37545631232233221015
  3. Falls201322211014120011116
  4. Fires448111111102410422111020
  5. Drownings6671111138100504341210015
  6. Other unintentional injuries127158351695319211855311136
B. Intentional injuries 313 3 7 116 82 35 12 5 2 261 3 6 15 13 9 3 2 1 52
  1. Self-inflicted injuries36297621028003221008
  2. Violence141345332134201113597411030
  3. War136015343167211230124421113
   Other intentional injuries000000000000000000

Source: Authors' compilation.

Note: — – an estimate of zero; the number zero in a cell indicates a non-zero estimate of less than 500.

a. Does not include liver cancer and cirrhosis deaths resulting from chronic hepatitis virus infection.

b. This cause category includes "Causes arising in the perinatal period" as defined in the International Classification of Diseases, principally low birthweight, prematurity, birth asphyxia, and birth trauma, and does not include all causes of deaths occurring in the perinatal period.

From: Chapter 3, The Burden of Disease and Mortality by Condition: Data, Methods, and Results for 2001

Cover of Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors
Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors.
Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, et al., editors.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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