Box 18.5Uganda HIV/AIDS Prevention Program

Like many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda experienced a rapid increase in HIV incidence and a generalization of the epidemic in the late 1980s and early 1990s. By 1991, overall HIV prevalence was 21 percent (Low-Beer and Stoneburner 2003); however, the trajectory of Uganda's epidemic has differed markedly from that of its neighbors. By 2001, overall HIV prevalence had fallen to 5 percent, with dramatic decreases in incidence among key populations, such as soldiers, pregnant women, and young women (USAID 2002). Critical components of Uganda's HIV prevention program include

  • having strong political support, especially from President Yoweri Museveni
  • implementing interventions to empower women and girls
  • having a strong focus on youths
  • engaging in active efforts to fight stigma and discrimination
  • emphasizing open communication about HIV/AIDS
  • engaging the religious leadership and faith-based organizations
  • creating Africa's first confidential VCT interventions
  • emphasizing STI control and prevention.

Source: Authors.

From: Chapter 18, HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment

Cover of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries
Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition.
Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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