Table 42.2Summary of Relative Risk Estimates for Health Outcomes Used in Burden-of-Disease Estimates

Health outcome Age and sex group Number of studies Relative risk 95 percent confidence interval
ALRIChildren < 5 years82.31.9–2.7
COPDWomen > 30 years83.22.3–4.8
Men > 30 yearsa21.81.0–3.2
Lung cancerWomen > 30 years91.91.1–3.5
(coal)Men > 30 years31.51.0–2.5

a. Because of the limited quantity and quality of available evidence, the male COPD relative risk and range have been fixed to include 1.0 (no effect) as the lower estimate.

From: Chapter 42, Indoor Air Pollution

Cover of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries
Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition.
Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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