Table 56.4Context in Which Selected CHNPs Start and Run

Country Approximate period Women's status and educationa Lack of social exclusion Community organization Literacy Level of health and administrative infrastructure Political commitment Total minus political commitment Total
Tanzania
Iringa starts1984–902443251520
Iringa declines1990–2423221315
Zimbabwe
Supplementary Feeding Programme starts1981–902452251520
Supplementary Feeding Programme declines1990–2222221012
Bangladesh
BINP1997–1322331114
India
ICDS1975–112223811
TINP1980–92233341317
Indonesia
UPGK starts1975–2432241317
UPGK declines1990–2422321315
Philippines b 1974–20004434311819
Thailand 1982–4344341822
Costa Rica
RHP1973–4443441923
Jamaica 1985–4434441923
Nicaragua 1979–903233341418

Source: Authors.

a. Women's status and education can be quantified by indicators such as adult literacy rates, females as percentage of males, and secondary school enrollment for girls.

b. Since 2000, the Philippines has begun a significantly improving trend, one factor being increased implementation of programs (CHNPs, as well as others, such as salt iodization); this increase is caused in part by increased political commitment, both as new legislation and resource allocations.

Note: 0: worst; 5: best.

From: Chapter 56, Community Health and Nutrition Programs

Cover of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries
Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition.
Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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