Table G.3

Bibliographic informationReason for exclusion
Adelman, R.D., Wirth, F., Rubio, T., A controlled study of the nephrotoxicity of mezlocillin and amikacin in the neonate, American Journal of Diseases of Children, 141, 1175–1178, 1987Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because results for early-onset neonatal infection could not be separated from those for late-onset infection
Allen, U.D., Navas, L., King, S.M., Effectiveness of intrapartum penicillin prophylaxis in preventing early-onset group B streptococcal infection: results of a meta-analysis, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal, 149, 1659–1665, 1993Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment of preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; reference list checked for relevant studies
Ananth, C.V., Guise, J.M., Thorp, Jr, Utility of antibiotic therapy in preterm premature rupture of membranes: A meta-analysis, Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, 51, 324–328, 1996Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment of preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; reference list checked for relevant studies
August, Fuhr N., Becker, C., van, Baalen A., Bauer, K., Hopp, H., Antibiotic therapy for preterm premature rupture of membranes - results of a multicenter study, Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 34, 203–206, 2006Study examined mezlocillin which would not be used in the UK
Bell, T.A., Grayston, J.T., Krohn, M.A., Kronmal, R.A., Randomized trial of silver nitrate, erythromycin, and no eye prophylaxis for the prevention of conjunctivitis among newborns not at risk for gonococcal ophthalmitis. Eye Prophylaxis Study Group, Pediatrics, 92, 755–760, 1993Considered for review question on routine administration of antibiotics after birth, but excluded because no data specific to early-onset neonatal infection were reported
Blanco, J., Iams, J., Artal, R., Baker, J., Hibbard, J., McGregor, J., et al, Multicenter double-blind prospective random trial of ceftizoxime vs placebo in women with preterm premature ruptured membranes (pProm), American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 168, 378-, 1993Abstract only; full details of the study have not been published
Boyer, K.M., Gadzala, C.A., Kelly, P.D., Gotoff, S.P., Selective intrapartum chemoprophylaxis of neonatal group B streptococcal early-onset disease. III. Interruption of mother-to-infant transmission, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 148, 810–816, 1983Earlier paper on the same trial covered in the included study Boyer 1986
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination., Antibiotics for pre-term pre-labour rupture of membranes: prevention of neonatal deaths due to complications of pre-term birth and infection (Structured abstract), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, -, 2011Structured abstract of another systematic review (Cousens 2010) of antibiotic treatment of preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; reference list of original review checked for relevant studies
Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D.G., Giotis, N.D., Baliatsa, D.V., Ioannidis, J.P., Extended-interval aminoglycoside administration for children: a meta-analysis, Pediatrics, 114, e111–e118, 2004Meta-analysis considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because most of the included trials involved older children and the relevant trials among babies with early-onset sepsis have been included as primary studies
Cooke, R.W., Nycyk, J.A., Okuonghuae, H., Shah, V., Damjanovic, V., Hart, C.A., Low-dose vancomycin prophylaxis reduces coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteraemia in very low birthweight infants, Journal of Hospital Infection, 37, 297–303, 1997Study focuses on hospital-acquired coagulase-negative staphylococci infection in babies aged less than 2 weeks; most of the infections would be late-onset, and no separate results were reported for early-onset infection
Cox, S.M., Leveno, K.J., Sherman, M.L., Travis, L., De Plama, R., Ruptured membranes at 24 to 29 weeks; a randomized double blind trial of antimicrobials versus placebo, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 172, 412-, 1995Study abstract only - cannot be appraised for quality
Darling, E.K., McDonald, H., A meta-analysis of the efficacy of ocular prophylactic agents used for the prevention of gonococcal and chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum, Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 55, 319–327, 2010Meta-analysis considered for review question on routine administration of antibiotics after birth, but excluded because all but one included study was quasi-randomised or conducted in a country other than those specified in the guideline review protocol; the one study meeting all criteria in the guideline review protocol has been included as a primary study
Darmstadt, G.L., Miller-Bell, M., Batra, M., Law, P., Law, K., Extended-interval dosing of gentamicin for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developed and developing countries. [84 refs], Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 26, 163–182, 2008Meta-analysis considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because most of the included studies were conducted in countries other than those listed in the guideline review protocol or because they were not RCTs; all relevant studies in babies with early-onset sepsis have been included as primary studies
de, Louvois J., Mulhall, A., Hurley, R., Mecillinam (Selexidin) in the treatment of neonates, Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 9, 87–95, 1981Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study is not a randomised controlled trial
De, Louvois J, Dagan, R., Tessin, I., A comparison of ceftazidime and aminoglycoside based regimens as empirical treatment in 1316 cases of suspected sepsis in the newborn, European Journal of Pediatrics, 151, 876–884, 1992Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because data for early-onset neonatal infection were not reported separately from those for late-onset infection
de, Man P., Verhoeven, B.A.N., Verbrugh, H.A., Vos, M.C., van den Anker, J.N., An antibiotic policy to prevent emergence of resistant bacilli, Lancet, 355, 973–978, 2000Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because it is not a randomised controlled trial
Deville, J.G., Adler, S., Azimi, P.H., Jantausch, B.A., Morfin, M.R., Beltran, S., Edge-Padbury, B., Naberhuis-Stehouwer, S., Bruss, J.B., Linezolid versus vancomycin in the treatment of known or suspected resistant Gram-positive infections in neonates, Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 22, S158–S163, 2003Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study focused on babies with hospital-acquired infection (not babies with early-onset neonatal infection)
Egarter, C., Leitich, H., Husslein, P., Kaider, A., Schemper, M., Adjunctive antibiotic treatment in preterm labor and neonatal morbidity: A meta-analysis, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 88, 303–309, 1996Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment for preterm labour, reference list checked for relevant studies
Egarter, C., Leitich, H., Karas, H., Wieser, F., Husslein, P., Kaider, A., Schemper, M., Antibiotic treatment in preterm premature rupture of membranes and neonatal morbidity: A metaanalysis, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 174, 589–597, 1996Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment of preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; reference list checked for relevant studies
Ehl, S., Gering, B., Bartmann, P., Hogel, J., Pohlandt, F., C-reactive protein is a useful marker for guiding duration of antibiotic therapy in suspected neonatal bacterial infection, Pediatrics, 99, 216–221, 1997Considered for review question on optimal duration of antibiotics, but excluded because the study was not a randomised controlled trial
Facchinetti, F., Piccinini, F., Mordini, B., Volpe, A., Chlorhexidine vaginal flushings versus systemic ampicillin in the prevention of vertical transmission of neonatal group B streptococcus, at term, Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 11, 84–88, 2002Neonatal colonisation is the reported outcome; no data on early-onset neonatal sepsis reported
Flenady, Vicki, King, James F., Antibiotics for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2009Cochrane review including two RCTs; study population in both RCTs was women with prelabour rupture of membranes at term
Fortunato, S.J., Welt, S.I., Eggleston, M., Cole, J., Bryant, E.C., Dodson, M.G., Prolongation of the latency period in preterm premature rupture of the membranes using prophylactic antibiotics and tocolysis, Journal of Perinatology, 10, 252–256, 1990Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; not a randomised controlled trial
Gerard, P., Verghote-D’Hulst, M., Bachy, A., Duhaut, G., Group B streptococcal colonization of pregnant women and their neonates. Epidemiological study and controlled trial of prophylactic treatment of the newborn, Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 68, 819–823, 1979Considered for review question on routine administration of antibiotics after birth, but excluded because the study was a quasi-randomised trial where babies were allocated to intervention or control groups based on whether they were born on an odd or even date
Gilbert, R.E., Pike, K., Kenyon, S.L., Tarnow-Mordi, W., Taylor, D.J., The effect of prepartum antibiotics on the type of neonatal bacteraemia: insights from the MRC ORACLE trials, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 112, 830–832, 2005Considered for review question on intrapartum antibiotics (in relation to women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes); excluded because the study focused on causative organisms of neonatal sepsis rather than the clinical outcomes detailed in the review protocol
Gordon, M., Samuels, P., Shubert, P., Johnson, F., Gebauer, C., Iams, J., A randomized, prospective study of adjunctive ceftizoxime in preterm labor, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 172, 1546–1552, 1995Study examined ceftizoxime which would not be used in the UK
Guadalupe Vasquez-Mendoza, M., Vargas-Origel, A., Del, Carmen Ramos-Jimenez, guilar-Orozco, G., Romero-Gutierrez, G., Efficacy and renal toxicity of one daily dose of amikacin versus conventional dosage regime, American Journal of Perinatology, 24, 141–146, 2007Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study was conducted outside the list of countries in the review protocol
Hall, M.A., Ducker, D.A., Lowes, J.A., McMichael, J., Clarke, P., Rowe, D., Gordon, A., Cole, D.S., A randomised prospective comparison of cefotaxime versus netilmicin/penicillin for treatment of suspected neonatal sepsis, Drugs, 35, 169–177, 1988Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because data for early-onset neonatal infection were not presented separately from those for late-onset infection
Hammerschlag, M.R., Cummings, C., Roblin, P.M., Williams, T.H., Delke, I., Efficacy of neonatal ocular prophylaxis for the prevention of chlamydial and gonococcal conjunctivitis, New England Journal of Medicine, 320, 769–772, 1989Considered for review question on routine administration of antibiotics after birth, but excluded because study is not a randomised controlled trial
Heggie, A.D., Jaffe, A.C., Stuart, L.A., Thombre, P.S., Sorensen, R.U., Topical sulfacetamide vs oral erythromycin for neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis, American Journal of Diseases of Children, 139, 564–566, 1985Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because early-onset infection could not be separated from late-onset infection
Hutzal, C.E., Boyle, E.M., Kenyon, S.L., Nash, J.V., Winsor, S., Taylor, D.J., Kirpalani, H., Use of antibiotics for the treatment of preterm parturition and prevention of neonatal morbidity: a metaanalysis. [33 refs], American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 199, 620–628, 2008Systematic review and meta-anlysis of antibiotic treatment for preterm labour; included studies checked for relevant studies (no reference list provided)
Illuzzi, J.L., Bracken, M.B., Duration of intrapartum prophylaxis for neonatal group B streptococcal disease: a systematic review. [34 refs], Obstetrics and Gynecology, 108, 1254–1265, 2006Systematic review which included observational studies only
Jacobs, R.F., Kearns, G.L., Cefotaxime pharmacokinetics and treatment of meningitis in neonates, Infection, 17, 338–342, 1989Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because study population not specific to meningitis in neonatal intensive care units
Johnston, M.M., Sanchez-Ramos, L., Vaughn, A.J., Todd, M.W., Benrubi, G.I., Antibiotic therapy in preterm premature rupture of membranes: a randomized, prospective, double-blind trial, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 163, 743–747, 1990Study examined mezlocillin which would not be used in the UK
Kenyon, S., Brocklehurst, P., Jones, D., Marlow, N., Salt, A., Taylor, D., MRC ORACLE Children Study. Long term outcomes following prescription of antibiotics to pregnant women with either spontaneous preterm labour or preterm rupture of the membranes, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 8, 14-, 2008Considered for review question on intrapartum antibiotics but excluded because it is a protocol
Kenyon, Sara, Boulvain, Michel, Neilson, James P., Antibiotics for preterm rupture of membranes, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2010Cochrane review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment of preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; reference list checked for relevant studies
King, James F., Flenady, Vicki, Murray, Linda, Prophylactic antibiotics for inhibiting preterm labour with intact membranes, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2010Cochrane review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment for preterm labour; reference list checked for relevant studies
Kopterides, P., Siempos, I.I., Tsangaris, I., Tsantes, A., Armaganidis, A., Procalcitonin-guided algorithms of antibiotic therapy in the intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, Critical Care Medicine, 38, 2229–2241, 2010Systematic review considered for review question on optimal duration of antibiotics, but excluded because six of the seven included RCTs involved adults; the one RCT that involved neonates has been included as a primary study
Marks, S., Marks, M.I., Dupont, C., Hammerberg, S., Evaluation of three antibiotic programs in newborn infants, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 118, 659–662, 1978Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study population included babies with hospital-acquired infection
McCracken, G.H., Mize, S.G., A controlled study of intrathecal antibiotic therapy in gram-negative enteric meningitis of infancy. Report of the neonatal meningitis cooperative study group, The Journal of pediatrics, 89, 66–72, 1976Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because study included all babies with meningitis and was not specific to meningitis in neonatal intensive care units
McCracken, G.H., Threlkeld, N., Mize, S., Baker, C.J., Kaplan, S.L., Faingezicht, I., Feldman, W.E., Schaad, U., Moxalactam therapy for neonatal meningitis due to gram-negative enteric bacilli. A prospective controlled evaluation, JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 252, 1427–1432, 1984Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because study population was not specific to babies with meningitis in neonatal intensive care units
McCracken, G.H., Jr., Aminoglycoside toxicity in infants and children. [39 refs], American Journal of Medicine, 80, 172–178, 1986Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because it is a narrative review of literature
Mercer, B.M., Arheart, K.L., Antimicrobial therapy in expectant management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes, Lancet, 346, 1271–1279, 1995Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic treatment of preterm prelabour rupture of membranes; reference list checked for relevant studies
Mercer, B.M., Rabello, Y.A., Thurnau, G.R., Miodovnik, M., Goldenberg, R.L., Das, A.F., Meis, P.J., Moawad, A.H., Iams, J.D., Van, Dorsten J, Dombrowski, M.P., Roberts, J.M., McNellis, D., The NICHD-MFMU antibiotic treatment of preterm PROM study: Impact of initial amniotic fluid volume on pregnancy outcome, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, #194, 438–445, 2006Considered for review question on intrapartum antibiotics (in relation to women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes); this is a secondary analysis of data from Mercer 1997 to evaluate the association between measured amniotic fluid volume and outcome; excluded because randomisation was lost when the whole population (intervention and control groups) was regrouped on the basis of amniotic fluid volume and maximum vertical fluid to compare outcomes in these two groups
Money, D.M., Dobson, S., The prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease, Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d’obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC, 26, 826–840, 2004Narrative review for guideline development; references checked for relevant studies
Mtitimila, Edward I., Cooke, Richard WI, Antibiotic regimens for suspected early neonatal sepsis, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2009Cochrane review considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the two included trials have been included as primary studies
Nestaas, E., Bangstad, H.J., Sandvik, L., Wathne, K.O., Aminoglycoside extended interval dosing in neonates is safe and effective: A meta-analysis, Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 90, F294–F300, 2005Meta-analysis considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because most of the included studies were conducted in countries not listed in the guideline review protocol or were not RCTs; all relevant studies in babies with early-onset sepsis have been included as primary studies
Normann, E.K., Bakken, O., Peltola, J., Andreasson, B., Buhl, S., Sigg, P., Nielsen, K., Treatment of acute neonatal bacterial conjunctivitis: A comparison of fucidic acid to chloramphenicol eye drops, Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 80, 183–187, 2002Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because early-onset infection could not be separated from late-onset infection
Odio, C.M., Umana, M.A., Saenz, A., Salas, J.L., McCracken, G.H., Jr., Comparative efficacy of ceftazidime vs. carbenicillin and amikacin for treatment of neonatal septicemia, Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 6, 371–377, 1987Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study did not separate early-onset neonatal infection from late-onset infection
Ohlsson, A., Myhr, T.L., Intrapartum chemoprophylaxis of perinatal group B streptococcal infections: A critical review of randomized controlled trials, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 170, 910–917, 1994Systematic review of RCTs; reference list checked for relevant studies
Ohlsson, A., Shah, V.S., Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization. [90 refs], Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CD007467-, 2009Cochrane review of intrapartum antibiotic treatment for known maternal group B streptococcal colonisation; reference list checked for relevant studies
Paul, Mical, Grozinsky, Simona, Soares-Weiser, Karla, Leibovici, Leonard, Beta lactam antibiotic monotherapy versus beta lactam-aminoglycoside antibiotic combination therapy for sepsis, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2009Cochrane review considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because neonates were excluded (i.e. the review did not include the population of interest in the guideline)
Puhakka, H., Virolainen, E., Cefadroxil in the treatment of susceptible infections in infants and children, Drugs, 32 Suppl 3, 21–28, 1986Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study was conducted in countries other than those listed in the review protocol
Rao, Shripada C., Srinivasjois, Ravisha, Hagan, Ronald, Ahmed, Mohmed, One dose per day compared to multiple doses per day of gentamicin for treatment of suspected or proven sepsis in neonates, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2010Meta-analysis considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because most of the included studies were conducted in countries other than those listed in the guideline review protocol or because they were not RCTs; all relevant studies in babies with early-onset sepsis have been included as primary studies
Routine antibiotics for preterm labour: risk of cerebral palsy, Prescrire International, 19, 282–283, 2010Review of results reported in another article (Kenyon 2008b) and expert opinion regarding recommendations for clinical management
Shah, Sachin S., Ohlsson, Arne, Shah, Vibhuti S., Intraventricular antibiotics for bacterial meningitis in neonates, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2009Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because study included all babies with meningitis and was not specific to meningitis in neonatal intensive care units
Siegel, J.D., McCracken, G.H., Jr., Threlkeld, N., Milvenan, B., Rosenfeld, C.R., Single-dose penicillin prophylaxis against neonatal group B streptococcal infections. A controlled trial in 18,738 newborn infants, New England Journal of Medicine, 303, 769–775, 1980Considered for review question on routine administration of antibiotics after birth, but excluded because this is a preliminary report of a trial and the full report (Siegel 1982) has been included separately
Siriwachirachai, Thitiporn, Sangkomkamhang, Ussanee S., Lumbiganon, Pisake, Laopaiboon, Malinee, Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2010Cochrane review including only one trial; original paper considered separately
Smaill, Fiona M., Intrapartum antibiotics for Group B streptococcal colonisation, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2009Superseded by Ohlsson 2009 which has been considered separately for inclusion
Stenberg, K., Mardh, P.A., Treatment of chlamydial conjunctivitis in newborns and adults with erythromycin and roxithromycin, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 28, 301–307, 1991Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because early-onset infection could not be separated from late-onset infection
Stocker, M., Hop, W.C.J., van, Rossum A, Neonatal Procalcitonin Intervention Study (NeoPInS): Effect of Procalcitonin-guided decision making on Duration of antibiotic Therapy in suspected neonatal early-onset Sepsis: A multi-centre randomized superiority and non-inferiority Intervention Study, BMC Pediatrics, 10,;#2010. Article Number, -, 2010Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because this is just a study protocol
Uauy, R., Mize, C., Argyle, C., McCracken, G., Jr., Metabolic tolerance to arginine: implications for the safe use of arginine salt-aztreonam combination in the neonatal period, Journal of Pediatrics, 118, 965–970, 1991Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because the study was conducted to assess metabolic tolerance and safety of aztreonam compared to gentamicin (and not to compare their clinical effectiveness)
Ungerer, Regina LS, Lincetto, Ornella, McGuire, William, Saloojee, Haroon H., Gulmezoglu, A. Metin, Prophylactic versus selective antibiotics for term newborn infants of mothers with risk factors for neonatal infection, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2009Cochrane review considered for review question on routine administration of antibiotics after birth, but excluded because the two included studies were quasi-randomised trials or conducted outside the countries listed in the guideline review protocol
Vigano, A., Principi, N., A randomised comparison of isepamicin and amikacin in the treatment of bacterial infections in paediatric patients, Journal of Chemotherapy, 7 Suppl 2, 95–101, 1995Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because data for early-onset neonatal infection were not presented separately from those for late-onset infection
Watts, D.H., Krohn, M.A., Hillier, S.L., Eschenbach, D.A., Randomized trial of antibiotics in addition to tocolytic therapy to treat preterm labor, Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1, 220–227, 1994Study examined mezlocillin which would not be used in the UK
Wiese, G., Treatment of neonatal sepsis with ceftriaxone/gentamicin and with azlocillin/gentamicin: a clinical comparison of efficacy and tolerability, Chemotherapy, 34, 158–163, 1988Considered for review question on antibiotics for suspected infection, but excluded because data for early-onset neonatal infection were not reported separately from those for late-onset infection
Woodgate, Paul G., Flenady, Vicki, Steer, Peter A., Intramuscular penicillin for the prevention of early onset group B streptococcal infection in newborn infants, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, -, 2010Cochrane review considered for review question on routine antibiotics after birth, but excluded because there was only one included RCT and that has been included in the guideline review as a primary study
Yudin, M.H., van, Schalkwyk J., Van, Eyk N., Boucher, M., Castillo, E., Cormier, B., Gruslin, A., Money, D.M., Murphy, K., Ogilvie, G., Paquet, C., Steenbeek, A., Wong, T., Gagnon, R., Hudon, L., Basso, M., Bos, H., Delisle, M.F., Farine, D., Grabowska, K., Menticoglou, S., Mundle, W.R., Murphy-Kaulbeck, L.C., Ouellet, A., Pressey, T., Roggensack, A., Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada., Antibiotic therapy in preterm premature rupture of the membranes. [20 refs], Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, 31, 863–867, 868Narrative review for guideline development; reference list checked for primary studies

From: Appendix G, Excluded studies

Cover of Antibiotics for Early-Onset Neonatal Infection
Antibiotics for Early-Onset Neonatal Infection: Antibiotics for the Prevention and Treatment of Early-Onset Neonatal Infection.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 149.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2012 Aug.
Copyright © 2012, National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health.

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