The analytic framework in Figure 1 outlines the typical treatment pathway for individuals with cryptorchidism. Boys undergo a diagnostic workup which leads to diagnosis. Factors such as sidedness, location and palpability of the undescended testicle(s), the child’s overall health and age, and the viability of the testes may affect the route of treatment. Treatments for cryptorchidism may result in intermediate outcomes such as change in testicular position, size, or appearance; pain; and need for further intervention, as well as long-term outcomes such as effects on fertility and endocrine function and the development of cancer. Also, adverse events may occur at any point after the workup of a patient. Numbers in circles on the diagram represent key questions.

Figure 1Analytic framework of treatments for cryptorchidism

From: Introduction

Cover of Evaluation and Treatment of Cryptorchidism
Evaluation and Treatment of Cryptorchidism [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 88.
Penson DF, Krishnaswami S, Jules A, et al.

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