Table 21Provider reminder systems with the base strategies within VAP compared with usual care

OutcomeNumber/Type of StudiesRisk of BiasConsistencyDirectnessPrecisionStrength of Evidence
Infection rate1 simple before-after study111HighUnknownDirectImpreciseInsufficient

Note: The base strategies are organizational change and provider education. VAP = ventilator-associated pneumonia

From: Results

Cover of Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science (Vol. 6: Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections)
Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science (Vol. 6: Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections).
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 208.6.
Mauger Rothenberg B, Marbella A, Pines E, et al.

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