Financial ContributionNumberPercent
Loss making6852.3
Gross profitable2720.8
Net profitable1410.8
Self sustaining2116.2

Source: Abrams, Leung & Stevens, 2010

From: Panel VI: University-Based Clusters

Cover of Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity
Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity: Summary of a Symposium.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2012.
Copyright © 2012, National Academy of Sciences.

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