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National Research Council (US) Committee on a New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security. Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World: A Report Based on Regional Discussions Between the Science and Security Communities. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.

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Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World: A Report Based on Regional Discussions Between the Science and Security Communities.

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DCommittee Member Biographies

Committee on a New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security



The Honorable Jacques S. Gansler is Vice President for Research at the University of Maryland and is also the first holder of the Roger C. Lipitz Chair in Public Policy and Private Enterprise. He was the former Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. As the third-ranking civilian at the Pentagon from 1997 to 2001, Dr. Gansler was responsible for all research and development, acquisition reform, logistics, advanced technology, environmental security, defense industry, and numerous other security programs. Before joining the administration, Dr. Gansler held a variety of positions in government and the private sector, including Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Material Acquisition), Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engineering (Electronics), Senior Vice President, TASC, Vice President of ITT, and engineering and management positions with Singer and Raytheon Corporations. Throughout his career, Dr. Gansler has written, published, and taught on subjects related to his work. He is the author of Defense Conversion: Transforming the Arsenal of Democracy (1995), Affording Defense (1989), and The Defense Industry (1980), all published by MIT Press. He has published numerous articles in Foreign Affairs, Harvard Business Review, International Security, Public Affairs, and other journals, as well as newspapers, and has given frequent congressional testimonies. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.


On August 1, 2006, Alice P. Gast became Lehigh University’s 13th president. Previously she was the Robert T. Haslam Professor of Chemical Engineering and the Vice President for Research and Associate Provost at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Before moving to MIT in 2001, she spent 16 years as a professor of chemical engineering at Stanford University and at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. In her research, she studies surface and interfacial phenomena, in particular the behavior of complex fluids. Some of her areas of research include colloidal aggregation and ordering, protein lipid interactions, and enzymes reactions at surfaces. In 1997, Gast co-authored the sixth edition of Physical Chemistry of Surfaces with Arthur Adamson. Professor Gast received her B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Southern California. After earning her Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Princeton University, Gast spent a postdoctoral year on a NATO fellowship at the École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles in Paris. She returned there for a sabbatical as a Guggenheim Fellow. She was a 1999 Alexander von Humboldt Fellow at the Technical University in Garching, Germany. She received the National Academy of Sciences Award for Initiative in Research and the Colburn Award of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. She was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2001 and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2002. She has served on numerous advisory committees including the National Research Council Board on Chemical Science and Technology and the Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee. She was elected to the Board of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2006.


The Honorable Arthur I. Bienenstock, B.S. (physics), Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn; M.S. (physics), Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn; Ph.D. (applied physics), Harvard University, is Special Assistant to the President for Federal Research Policy. He was Vice Provost and Dean of Research and Graduate Policy, Stanford University. He is immediate past Director of Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Stanford University. Previously he was Associate Director for Science, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President (1997-2000); Director of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford University (1978-1997); Vice Provost for Faculty Affairs (1972-1977), Stanford University; and Member of the Stanford University faculty since 1967. He is the recipient of the Sidhu Award of the Pittsburgh Diffraction Society; the Distinguished Alumnus citation of Polytechnic Institute of New York Alumni Association; and the Rector’s Lecture and Medal, University of Helsinki, 1994. In 1998 he received an honorary Ph.D. from Polytechnic University. He received an honorary Ph.D. from Lund University in 2006. His National Academies service includes current membership on the Committee on Smaller Facilities, the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, and the Committee on Science, Technology, and Law. He served previously on the Forum on Diversity in the Engineering Workforce; Committee on Physics of the Universe; and the Committee on Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics, among other activities. He is a Fellow, American Physical Society; Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Member, American Crystallographic Association, the Materials Research Society, New York Academy of Science, and Sigma Xi.


LouAnn Burnett is an Assistant Director of Environmental Health and Safety at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. She serves as Biological Safety Officer and manages the Biosafety and Occupational Hygiene Program at Vanderbilt where she serves as manager and a member of Vanderbilt’s Institutional Biosafety Committee, as well as serving as a member on the Vanderbilt Animal Care and Use Committee and the Institutional Review (Humans Subject Protection) Boards. Before moving to Vanderbilt in 1999, she spent six years as head of Biological Safety at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Ms. Burnett holds a B.S. in biology from New Mexico Tech and an M.S. in biology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is certified by the National Registry of Microbiologists and the American Biological Safety Association (ABSA) as a specialist in biological safety microbiology. She has also worked as an environmental scientist for the Illinois Pollution Control Board and as a research biologist for the Illinois Natural History Survey. Ms. Burnett was the 2003 recipient of the ABSA’s Everett Hanel, Jr., Presidential award, which is awarded for outstanding contributions to ABSA by promoting the field of biological safety and fostering, by example, the high professional standards of the association's membership. Ms. Burnett is an active ABSA member and serves as Team Leader for the Professional Development team, developing courses and curriculum to address emerging biosafety issues. Ms. Burnett has served as an ad hoc reviewer for the National Institutes of Health Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee and has authored and edited chapters on biosafety, biosecurity, and biosafety program management. She was recently appointed to the Policy, Ethics, and Law panel of the Southeast Regional Centers of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Diseases.


Karen S. Cook is the Ray Lyman Wilbur Professor of Sociology at Stanford University, Chair of the Department of Sociology and Director of the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences (IRISS), and in 2007 she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. She joined the faculty of the Department of Sociology in academic year 1998-1999. She served as Cognizant Dean of the Social Sciences from 2001 to 2005. Before coming to Stanford she was at the University of Washington, where she was Chair of the Department of Sociology from 1993 to 1995 and Director of the Laboratory for Sociological Research. In 1995 she became the James B. Duke Professor of Sociology at Duke University, where she also served as the director of the Laboratory for Social Research in the Department of Sociology. Professor Cook was elected President of the Pacific Sociological Association in 1990-1991, and in 1994-1995 she was elected Vice President of the American Sociological Association. She also has served as Vice-President of the International Institute of Sociology and as Chair of Research Committee 42 (social psychology) in the International Sociological Association. In 1996 she was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 1998-1999, she was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. In 2004, she received the Cooley-Mead Award for career contributions to social psychology from the American Sociological Association. Professor Cook has a long-standing interest in social exchange, bargaining, and social justice and is currently involved in a large interdisciplinary project focusing on trust in social relations. She recently published Cooperation Without Trust? (2005), co-authored with Russell Hardin and Margaret Levi. She has also edited a number of important books, including The Limits of Rationality (with Margaret Levi, 1990), Sociological Perspectives on Social Psychology (with Gary Alan Fine and James S. House, 1995), Trust in Society (2001), and Trust and Distrust in Organizations (with Roderick Kramer in 2004). Currently she also serves as co-editor (with Doug Massey) of the Annual Review of Sociology (1998-2008). In the past, she has served on many editorial boards and as editor of Social Psychology Quarterly (1988-1992). Her research has been supported by the National Science Foundation and the Russell Sage Foundation, and articles based on this work have appeared in the American Journal of Sociology, the American Sociological Review, Social Psychology Quarterly, and other journals in sociology. Professor Cook received her B.A. (1968), M.A. (1970), and Ph.D. (1973) from Stanford University.


General John A. Gordon (U.S. Air Force, Retired) served in the White House as the President’s Homeland Security Advisor from June 2003 until June 2004 and as the Deputy National Security Advisor for Counter Terrorism and the National Director for Counter Terrorism from June 2002 to June 2003. Prior to joining the White House team, General Gordon was the first Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration and Undersecretary of Energy, responsible for the entirety of the nation’s nuclear weapons program, serving from June 2000 until June 2002. As an Air Force four-star general, he was the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence from October 1997 until June 2000. General Gordon’s 32 year Air Force career included significant concentration on research and development, strategic planning, missile and space operations, intergovernmental operations, and international negotiations. General Gordon holds an M.S. degree in physics and an M.A. degree in business administration. General Gordon is a private consultant and serves on the boards of several corporations and nonprofit organizations.


Since retiring from the United States Senate, Gary Hart has been extensively involved in international law and business as a strategic advisor to major U.S. corporations, an author and lecturer, and the Wirth Professor of Public Policy at the University of Colorado. Before teaching at the University of Colorado, Senator Hart was Senior Counsel to Coudert Brothers, a multinational law firm with offices in 32 cities located in 19 countries around the world. He was Co-chair of the U.S. Commission on National Security for the 21st Century. The commission performed the most comprehensive review of national security since 1947, predicted the terrorist attacks on America, and proposed a sweeping overhaul of U.S. national security structures and policies for the post-Cold War new century and the age of terrorism. He was president of Global Green, the U.S. affiliate of Mikhail Gorbachev's environmental foundation, Green Cross International. He is a founding member of the Board of Directors of the U.S.-Russia Investment Fund; a former member of the Defense Policy Board; and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He was co-chair of the council task force that produced the report “America Unprepared—America Still at Risk,” in October 2002. Gary Hart has been Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Chatham Lecturer, and McCallum Memorial Lecturer at Oxford University, Global Fund Lecturer at Yale University, and Regents Lecturer at the University of California. He earned a doctor of philosophy degree from Oxford University and graduate law and divinity degrees from Yale University. He was visiting lecturer at the Yale Law School and is the author of 16 books. Gary Hart represented the State of Colorado in the United States Senate from 1975 to 1987. In 1984 and 1988, he was a candidate for his party's nomination for President. Senator Hart was first elected to the Senate in 1974, having never before sought public office, and was re-elected in 1980. During his 12 years in the Senate, he served on the Armed Services Committee, where he specialized in nuclear arms control and was an original founder of the military reform caucus. He also served on the Senate Environment Committee, Budget Committee, and Intelligence Oversight Committee. During his Senate years, he played a leadership role in major environmental and conservation legislation, military reform initiatives, new initiatives to advance the information revolution, and new directions in foreign policy. He is widely recognized as among the first to forecast the end of the Cold War.


Dr. Michael Imperiale is a native of New York City. He received his undergraduate and graduate training at Columbia University, receiving a B.A. in 1976, M.A. in 1978, and Ph.D. in 1981, all in biological sciences. His graduate dissertation was an examination of the specificity of individual helper T lymphocytes during the humoral immune response. He then moved to The Rockefeller University, where he first became interested in viruses, studying gene regulation in the human pathogen, adenovirus. During that time he was supported by postdoctoral fellowships from the Damon Runyon-Walter Winchell Cancer Fund and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In 1984, Dr. Imperiale joined the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Michigan Medical School as the Arthur F. Thurnau Assistant Professor of Microbiology and Immunology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1990 and to Professor in 1996. Most recently, he served as Interim Chair of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology (January 2003 to June 2004). Dr. Imperiale is also the Chair of the Institutional Biosafety Committee at the University of Michigan, a position he has held since 2000. In 2005, Dr. Imperiale was appointed to the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity. Dr. Imperiale’s research interests focus on the study of DNA tumor viruses. He has made important contributions to our understanding of how these viruses regulate expression of their genes, how they contribute to oncogenesis, and how they interact with the infected cell in order to cause acute disease. Most recently his laboratory has been examining how these viruses assemble as well as exploring the use of adenovirus as a vector for gene therapy and vaccination against infectious diseases. Dr. Imperiale’s work has been funded by NIH and other federal and private agencies and has been published in leading journals in the field. He has presented his findings at numerous national and international conferences. He has also served on various NIH grant review panels and the National Gene Vector Laboratories Steering Committee.


Richard A. Meserve, J.D., Harvard Law School; Ph.D. (applied physics) Stanford University, is President, Carnegie Institution of Washington. Before assuming the Carnegie presidency in April 2003, he was Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), having served since October 1999 under both Presidents Clinton and Bush. Before joining the NRC, Dr. Meserve was a partner in the law firm of Covington & Burling and he now also serves as Senior Of Counsel to the firm. His legal practice focused on nuclear-related issues, technical issues arising in environmental and toxic tort litigation, and counseling scientific societies and high-technology companies. Early in his career, he served as legal counsel to the President’s science advisor and was a law clerk to Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and to Judge Benjamin Kaplan of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Philosophical Society and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, and the American Physical Society. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Universities Research Association, Inc. He has previously served on numerous committees and boards of the National Academies. Dr. Meserve was a member of the National Academies planning committee that initiated the 1997 Academy Symposium on Science, Technology, and Law. He wrote the amicus briefs on behalf of the National Academy of Engineering in the Kumho case and on behalf of the National Academy of Sciences in the Daubert case. These landmark cases established the basis for admitting expert testimony into court.


Julie T. Norris is an independent consultant and also is affiliated with Huron Consulting Group. She previously served as the Director of the Office of Sponsored Programs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1994 to 2004. Her responsibilities at MIT included management of the full spectrum of both pre- and postaward activities in the area of sponsored programs and compliance, including responsibility for the preparation and negotiation of the Institute’s F&A cost proposal and other cost analysis activities. Before MIT she worked at the University of Houston for 21 years serving in various positions, including director. Ms. Norris was a member of the Council on Governmental Relations (COGR). She served on COGR's board from 1982 to 1988, 1989 to 1990, and 1992 to1998. During that time she served at various times as Chairman of the Board, as chair of the Grant and Contract Policy Committee, as chair of COGR’s Costing Policies committee, and as chair of the Research Administration and Compliance Committee. She has served the National Council of University Research Administrators (NCURA) as treasurer, vice president, and president. She also served on the research team for the study entitled "Financing and Managing University Research Equipment" which was produced by the Association of American Universities, NASULGC, and COGR and consults with the National Science Foundation on its Research Facilities and Expenditures studies. She is the primary contributor to the COGR document Managing Externally Funded Programs at Colleges and Universities and one of the authors of the recently revised NCURA Regulation and Compliance Handbook: 2005. In addition she is one of the authors of AIS’ A Guide to Managing Federal Grants for Colleges and Universities. Ms. Norris was the first recipient of NCURA's award for Outstanding Achievement in Research Administration.


Honorable Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker joined Pacific/McGeorge as its eighth dean in 2003 from her position as General Counsel for the 26-campus University of Wisconsin System. Her fields of expertise, in addition to national security and terrorism law, include international relations, public policy and trade, technology development and transfer, commerce, and litigation in the areas of civil rights and liberties. Dean Rindskopf Parker’s expertise in national security and terrorism comes from 11 years of federal service, first as General Counsel of the National Security Agency (1984-1989), then as Principal Deputy Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State (1989-1990), and as General Counsel for the Central Intelligence Agency (1990-1995). From 1979 to 1981, Dean Rindskopf Parker served as Acting Assistant Director for Mergers and Acquisitions at the Federal Trade Commission. In addition to her experience managing government legal offices, Dean Rindskopf Parker also served as Director of the New Haven Legal Assistance Association, Inc. Early in her career, she gained significant expertise with a wide variety of complex federal litigation, raising discrimination and civil liberties issues at all levels of the federal court system, including two successful arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court while a cooperating attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund. She has also handled substantial commercial litigation, as well as international arbitration before the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal and the International Chamber of Commerce (Paris). While at the international law firm of Bryan Cave, LLP, Dean Rindskopf Parker counseled clients on public policy and international trade issues, particularly in the areas of encryption and advanced technology, U.S.-Sino relations, and nuclear nonproliferation. A member of the American Bar Foundation and the Council on Foreign Relations, and former Chair of the ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security, Dean Parker is a frequent speaker and lecturer and has taught national security law at Case Western Reserve Law School, Cleveland State School of Law, and Pacific/McGeorge. Currently, she serves on several committees of the National Academy of Sciences, including the Roundtable on Scientific Communication and National Security and the Commission on Scientific Communication and National Security, examining responses to terrorism.



Anne-Marie Mazza joined the National Academies in 1995. She has served as Senior Program Officer with both the Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy and the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. In 1999 she was named the first director of the Science, Technology, and Law (STL) Program, a newly created program designed to foster communication and analysis among scientists, engineers, and members of the legal community. Dr. Mazza has been the study director on numerous Academy reports including Reaping the Benefits of Genomic and Proteomic Research, 2005; Intentional Human Dosing Studies for EPA Regulatory Purposes: Scientific and Ethical Issues, 2004; Ensuring the Quality of Data Disseminated by the Federal Government, 2003; The Age of Expert Testimony: Science in the Courtroom, 2002; Issues for Science and Engineering Researchers in the Digital Age, 2001; and Observations on the President’s Fiscal Year 2000 Federal Science and Technology Budget, 1999. Between October 1999 and October 2000, she divided her time between the STL Program and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, where she served as a Senior Policy Analyst responsible for issues associated with the government-university research partnership. Before joining the Academy, Dr. Mazza was a Senior Consultant with Resource Planning Corporation. She received a B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. from The George Washington University.


Elizabeth Briggs is Senior Program Associate for the Committee on Science, Technology and Law. She has been with the National Academies since 2001, and has worked on numerous projects and reports for the Board on Higher Education and Workforce and the Committee on Women in Science and Engineering including Monitoring International Labor Standards, 2005; Bridging the Bed-Bench Gap—Contributions of the Markey Trust, 2005; Achieving XXcellence in Science, the Role of Professional Societies in Advancing Women in Science, 2004; and Observations on the President’s Fiscal Year 2003 Federal Science and Technology Budget, 2002. In 2001, Ms. Briggs completed two years abroad teaching English in Nagasaki, Japan, with the Japan Exchange Teaching Programme. She holds a B.A. in political science from Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon. Ms. Briggs is currently pursuing a M.A.L.S. in International Affairs at Georgetown University.


Kathi E. Hanna, M.S., Ph.D. is a science and health policy consultant, writer, and editor specializing in biomedical research policy and health policy. She served as Research Director and Senior Consultant to President Clinton's National Bioethics Advisory Commission and as Senior Advisor to President Clinton's Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans Illnesses. She served as the lead author and editor of President Bush’s Task Force to Improve Health Care Delivery for Our Nation’s Veterans and as lead writer for the Task Force on the Future of Military Health Care. In the 1980s and 1990s, Dr. Hanna was a Senior Analyst at the congressional Office of Technology Assessment, contributing to numerous science policy studies requested by congressional committees on science education, research funding, biotechnology, women's health, human genetics, bioethics, and reproductive technologies. In the past decade, she has served as an analyst and editorial consultant to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Energy, the National Academy of Sciences, FasterCures, The National Health Council, several charitable foundations, voluntary health organizations, and biotechnology companies. Before coming to Washington, D.C., she was the Genetics Coordinator at Children’s Memorial Hospital in Chicago, where she directed clinical counseling and coordinated an international research program in prenatal diagnosis. Dr. Hanna received an A.B. in biology from Lafayette College, an M.S. in human genetics from Sarah Lawrence College, and a Ph.D. from the School of Business and Public Management, George Washington University.


Sara Davidson Maddox, M.A., is a science and health policy writer and editor, with extensive experience in the area of bioethics, biomedical research, and health services and quality. She was editor for the National Bioethics Advisory Commission and has participated in projects for the National Institutes of Health and the Institute of Medicine.

Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK11486


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