bone marrow

The bone marrow is the site of hematopoiesis, the generation of the cellular elements of blood, including red blood cells, monocytes, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and platelets. The bone marrow is also the site of B-cell development in mammals and the source of stem cells that give rise to T cells upon migration to the thymus. Thus, bone marrow transplantation can restore all the cellular elements of the blood, including the cells required for adaptive immunity.