TABLE 3Additional Factors to Include in Broader Definitions

TermDefinitionAdditional Factors
EnvironmentAll chemical, physical, and biological features of the Earth that can affect or be affected by human activities.aInclude influences of specific factors such as nutrition, behavior, and ergonomics (both biomechanical and psychosocial) and specific places. such as the workplace and the home.
SusceptibilityThe state of being readily affected or acted upon by the environment. Impact depends on exposure and the capability to respond.Includes damage to all body systems, including reproductive organs, and offspring. Susceptibility also results from an inability to be removed from a toxic environment or to initiate primary prevention.
DifferencesSex Differences are primarily determined by biological factors, such as sex steroid hormone metabolism, anatomy, immunologic function, and genetic influences.bGender Differences include external influences from a variety of nonbiological factors, such as psychological development, sociocultural environment, and economic status.

From: Workshop Report

Cover of Gender Differences in Susceptibility to Environmental Factors
Gender Differences in Susceptibility to Environmental Factors: A Priority Assessment: Workshop Report.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Gender Differences in Susceptibility to Environmental Factors; Setlow VP, Lawson CE, Woods NF, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1998.
Copyright © 1998, National Academy of Sciences.

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