Study detailsTechnologyNo. of participantsReasons for exclusion
Losch A, Scheuerle A, Rupp V, Auffarth G, Becker M. Transpalpebral measurement of intraocular pressure using the TGDc-01 tonometer versus standard Goldmann applanation tonometry. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2005;243:313–16Transpalpebral109Age range uncertain
Grolman B, Myers KJ, Lalle P. How reliable is the Goldmann tonometer as a standard? J Am Optomet Assoc 1990;61:857–62NCT620 eyesAge range uncertain
Babalola OE, Kehinde AV, Iloegbunam AC, Akinbinu T, Moghalu C, Onuoha I. A comparison of the Goldmann applanation and non-contact (Keeler Pulsair EasyEye) tonometers and the effect of central corneal thickness in indigenous African eyes. Ophthal Physiol Optics 2009;29:182–8NCT88Age – included those < 16 years
Barreto J Jr, Babic M, Vessani RM, Susanna R Jr. Dynamic contour tonometry and Goldman applanation tonometry in eyes with keratoconus. Clinics 2006;61:511–14DCT12Age – included those < 16 years
Brencher HL, Kohl P, Reinke AR, Yolton RL. Clinical comparison of air-puff and Goldmann tonometers. J Am Optomet Assoc 1991;62:395–402NCT227Age – included those < 16 years
Danesh-Meyer HV, Niederer R, Gaskin BJ, Gamble G. Comparison of the Proview pressure phosphene tonometer performed by the patient and examiner with the Goldmann applanation tonometer. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2004;32:29–32PPT96Age – included those < 16 years
Iliev ME, Goldblum D, Katsoulis K, Amstutz C, Frueh B. Comparison of rebound tonometry with Goldmann applanation tonometry and correlation with central corneal thickness. Br J Ophthalmol 2006;90:833–5RT55Age – included those < 16 years
Kao SF, Lichter PR, Bergstrom TJ, Rowe S, Musch DC. Clinical comparison of the Oculab Tono-Pen to the Goldmann applanation tonometer. Ophthalmology 1987;94:1541–4TonoPen103Age – included those < 16 years
Kretz G, Demailly P. X-PERT NCT advanced logic tonometer valuation. Int Ophthalmol 1992;16:287–90NCT60Age – included those < 16 years
Lawson-Kopp W, DeJong A, Yudcovitch L, Williams S, Kohl P, Yolton RL. Clinical evaluation of the Keeler Pulsair 3000 non-contact tonometer. Optometry 2002;73:81–90NCT113Age – included those < 16 years
Levy Y, Zadok D, Glovinsky Y, Krakowski D, Nemet P. Tono-Pen versus Goldmann tonometry after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy. J Cataract Refract Surg 1999;25:486–91TonoPen18Age – included those < 16 years
Moseley MJ, Thompson JR, Deutsch J, Misson GP, Naylor G, Tan-Yee A, et al. Comparison of the Keeler Pulsair 2000 non-contact tonometer with Goldmann applanation. Eye 1993;7:127–30NCT160Age – included those < 16 years
Munkwitz S, Elkarmouty A, Hoffmann EM, Pfeiffer N, Thieme H. Comparison of the iCare rebound tonometer and the Goldmann applanation tonometer over a wide IOP range. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2008;246:875–9RT75Age – included those < 16 years
Pearce CD, Kohl P, Yolton RL. Clinical evaluation of the Keeler PULSAIR 2000 tonometer. J Am Optomet Assoc 1992;63:106–10NCT190Age – included those < 16 years
Poostchi A, Mitchell R, Nicholas S, Purdie G, Wells A. The iCare rebound tonometer: comparisons with Goldmann tonometry, and influence of central corneal thickness. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2009;37:687–91RT100Age – included those < 16 years
Recep OF, Hasiripi H, Cagil N, Sarikatipoglu H. Relation between corneal thickness and intraocular pressure measurement by noncontact and applanation tonometry. J Cataract Refract Surg 2001;27:1787–91NCT60Age – included those < 16 years
Sandner D, Bohm A, Kostov S, Pillunat L. Measurement of the intraocular pressure with the ‘transpalpebral tonometer’ TGDc-01 in comparison with applanation tonometry. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2005;243:563–9Transpalpebral103Age – included those < 16 years
Toker MI, Vural A, Erdogan H, Topalkara A, Arici MK. Central corneal thickness and Diaton transpalpebral tonometry. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2008;246:881–9Transpalpebral81Age – included those < 16 years
Yan QC, He YH, Bai QH, Di Y, Wang XL. Comparison of the intraocular pressure value measured with Goldmann applanation tonometer and non-contact tonometer. Int J Ophthalmol 2006;6:537–9NCT265Age – included those < 16 years
Kniestedt C, Lin S, Choe J, Bostrom A, Nee M, Stamper RL. Clinical comparison of contour and applanation tonometry and their relationship to pachymetry. Arch Ophthalmol 2005;123:1532–7DCT258Age – included those < 16 years
Kniestedt C, Lin S, Choe J, Nee M, Bostrom A, Sturmer J, et al. Correlation between intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, stage of glaucoma, and demographic patient data: prospective analysis of biophysical parameters in tertiary glaucoma practice populations. J Glaucoma 2006;15:91–7DCT406Age – included those < 16 years
Paranhos A Jr, Paranhos FR, Prata JA Jr, Omi CA, Mello PA, Shields MB. Influence of keratometric readings on comparative intraocular pressure measurements with Goldmann, Tono-Pen, and noncontact tonometers. J Glaucoma 2000;9:219–23TonoPen, NCT202Age – included those < 16 years
Bonomi L, Baravelli S, Cobbe C, Tomazzoli L. Evaluation of Keeler Pulsair non-contact tonometry: reliability and reproducibility. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1991;229:210–12NCT414 eyesAge – not reported
Denis P, Nordmann JP, Bertin V, Gayraud JM, Laroche L, Saraux H. Evaluation of the Tono-Pen 2 and the X-Pert noncontact tonometers in cataract surgery. Ophthalmologica 1993;207:155–61NCT45Age – not reported
Draeger J, Rumberger E, Dauper J, Deutsch C. Microprocessor controlled tonometry. Eye 1989;3:738–42NCT, TonoPen99Age – not reported
Fresco BB. A new tonometer – the pressure phosphene tonometer: clinical comparison with Goldman tonometry. Ophthalmology 1998;105:2123–6PPT100Age – not reported
Geyer O, Mayron Y, Loewenstein A, Neudorfer M, Rothkoff L, Lazar M. Tono-Pen tonometry in normal and in post-keratoplasty eyes. Br J Ophthalmol 1992;76:538–40TonoPen82Age – not reported
Hollo G, Follmann P, Pap G. A clinical evaluation of XPERT NCT (Reichert) for glaucoma screening by optometrists. Int Ophthalmol 1992;16:291–3NCT300 eyesAge – not reported
Iester M, Mermoud A, Achache F, Roy S. New Tonopen XL: comparison with the Goldmann tonometer. Eye 2001;15:1–8TonoPen104Age – not reported
Koopmans SA, Kooijman AC, van Rij G, Eisses J, de Groot-Woltjer J. Clinical evaluation of two non-contact tonometers. Doc Ophthalmol 1991;78: 259–63NCT33Age – not reported
Lam AK, Lam CH, Chan R. The validity of a digital eyelid tonometer (TGDc-01) and its comparison with Goldmann applanation tonometry – a pilot study. Ophthalmol Physiol Optic 2005;25:205–10Transpalpebral40Age – not reported
Midelfart A, Wigers A. Clinical comparison of the ProTon and Tono-Pen tonometers with the Goldmann applanation tonometer. Br J Ophthalmol 1994;78:895–8TonoPen53Age – not reported
Mok KH, Wong CS, Lee VW. Tono-Pen tonometer and corneal thickness. Eye 1999;13:35–7TonoPen48Age – not reported
Parker VA, Herrtage J, Sarkies NJ. Clinical comparison of the Keeler Pulsair 3000 with Goldmann applanation tonometry. Br J Ophthalmol 2001;85:1303–4NCT150 eyesAge – not reported
Schneider E, Grehn F. Intraocular pressure measurement – comparison of dynamic contour tonometry and Goldmann applanation tonometry. J Glaucoma 2006;15:2–6DCT100Age – not reported
Theofylaktopoulos I, Diestelhorst M, Krieglstein GK. Self-tonometry with the Ocuton S versus Goldmann tonometry. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1999;237:720–4Ocuton S100Age – not reported
Verdoorn C, Deutman AF. Clinical evaluation of the Topcon CT10 tonometer. Int Ophthalmol 1988;12:223–5NCT115Age – not reported
Frenkel RE, Hong YJ, Shin DH. Comparison of the Tono-Pen to the Goldmann applanation tonometer. Arch Ophthalmol 1988;106:750–3TonoPen142Age – not reported
Minckler DS, Baerveldt G, Heuer DK, Quillen-Thomas B, Walonker AF, Weiner J. Clinical evaluation of the Oculab Tono-Pen. Am J Ophthalmol 1987;104:168–73TonoPen130Age – not reported
Wingert TA, Bassi CJ, McAlister WH, Galanis JC. Clinical evaluation of five portable tonometers. J Am Optom Assoc 1995;66:670–4TonoPen, Perkins, NCT, Schiotz31Age – not reported
Armstrong TA. Evaluation of the Tono-Pen and the Pulsair tonometers. Am J Ophthalmol 1990;109:716–20TonoPen, NCT130Age – not reported
Bhan A, Browning AC, Shah S, Hamilton R, Dave D, Dua HS. Effect of corneal thickness on intraocular pressure measurements with the pneumotonometer, Goldmann applanation tonometer, and Tono-Pen. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002;43:1389–92Ocular blood flow, TonoPen94Age – not reported
Boothe WA, Lee DA, Panek WC, Pettit TH. The Tono-Pen. A manometric and clinical study. Arch Ophthalmol 1988;106:1214–17TonoPen, pneumotonometer50Age – not reported
Siganos DS, Papastergiou GI, Moedas C. Assessment of the Pascal dynamic contour tonometer in monitoring intraocular pressure in unoperated eyes and eyes after LASIK. J Cataract Refract Surg 2004;30:746–51DCT, NCT60Age – not reported
Farrar SM, Miller KN, Shields MB, Stoup CM. An evaluation of the Tono-Pen for the measurement of diurnal intraocular pressure. Am J Ophthalmol 1989;107:411–16TonoPen30Age – not reported
Baddon AC, Osborne SF, Quah SA, Batterbury M, Wong D. Comparison of Luneau SA disposable and Goldmann applanation tonometer readings. Eye 2007;21:789–92Disposable prism79Comparison of disposable prims
Bhatnagar A, Gupta AK. Disposable devices for measuring intraocular pressure: a clinical study to assess their accuracy. Eye 2005;19:752–4Disposable prism40Comparison of disposable prims
Desai SP, Sivakumar S, Fryers PT. Evaluation of a disposable prism for applanation tonometry. Eye 2001;15:3–82Disposable prism100Comparison of disposable prims
Goel S, Chua C, Dong B, Butcher M, Ahfat F, Hindi SK, et al. Comparison between standard Goldmann applanation prism and disposable applanation prism in tonometry. Eye 2004;18:175–8Disposable prism42Comparison of disposable prims
Kim P, Lertsumitkul S, Clark M, Gardner L, Macken P. Accuracy of the Tonosafe disposable tonometer head compared to the Goldmann tonometer alone. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2004;32:364–7Disposable prism69Comparison of disposable prims
Lotti R, Frau B, Cerruti S, Trillo C, Traverso CE. Reliability of applanation tonometry readings obtained with a disposable latex cap. Ophthalmologica 1999;213:277–80Disposable prisms80Comparison of disposable prisms
Maino AP, Uddin HJ, Tullo AB. A comparison of clinical performance between disposable and Goldmann tonometers. Eye 2006;20:574–8Disposable prisms153Comparison of disposable prisms
Maldonado MJ, Rodriguez-Galietero A, Cano-Parra J, Menezo JL, Diaz-Llopis M. Goldmann applanation tonometry using sterile disposable silicone tonometer shields. Ophthalmology 1996;103:815–21Disposable prisms60Comparison of disposable prisms
Salvi SM, Sivakumar S, Sidiki SS. Use of disposable prism tonometry in routine clinical practice. Eye 2005;19:743–6Disposable prisms200Comparison of disposable prisms
Lim L, Ng TP, Tan DT. Accurate intraocular pressure measurement in contact lens wearers with normal pressures. CLAO J 1997;23:130–3TonoPen20Contact lens wearers
Choi WJ, Kim JW, Tchah H, Jin YH, Kim YJ. Non-contact tonometry: an ideal method for mass screening. Korean J Ophthalmol 1990;4:30–3NCT76Corneal disease
Hamilton KE, Pye DC, Kao L, Pham N, Tran AQ. The effect of corneal edema on dynamic contour and Goldmann tonometry. Optom Vis Sci 2008;85:451–6DCT30Corneal disease
Chew GS, Sanderson GF, Molteno AC. The pressure phosphene tonometer – a clinical evaluation. Eye 2005;19:683–5PPT100Corneal disease
Lisle C, Ehlers N. A clinical comparison of the Xpert non-contact tonometer with the Goldmann applanation tonometer after penetrating keratoplasty. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2000;78:211–15NCT42Corneal surgery
Alfaro DV, Tran VT. A clinical comparison of the Oculab Tono-Pen with the Goldmann applanation tonometer in eyes filled with silicone oil. Retina 1991;11:219–20TonoPen21Eyes filled with silicone
Stodtmeister R, Kron M, Gaus W. IOP measurement and central corneal thickness. Br J Ophthalmol 2002;86:120–1NANALetter
Leung DY, Lam DS. Clinical comparison of the Proview eye pressure monitor with the Goldmann applanation tonometer and the TonoPen. Arch Ophthalmol 2005;123:578–9NANALetter (related to included paper)
Bayraktar S, Bayraktar Z. Central corneal thickness and intraocular pressure relationship in eyes with and without previous LASIK: comparison of Goldmann applanation tonometer with pneumatonometer. Eur J Ophthalmol 2005;15:81–8Pneumotonometer234No candidate tonometer
Abbasoglu OE, Bowman RW, Cavanagh HD, McCulley JP. Reliability of intraocular pressure measurements after myopic excimer photorefractive keratectomy. Ophthalmology 1998;105:2193–6Ocular blood flow21No candidate tonometer
Dielemans I, Vingerling JR, Hofman A, Grobbee DE, de Jong PT. Reliability of intraocular pressure measurement with the Goldmann applanation tonometer in epidemiological studies. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1994;232:141–4GAT62No candidate tonometer
Duch S, Serra A, Castanera J, Abos R, Quintana M. Tonometry after laser in situ keratomileusis treatment. J Glaucoma 2001;10:261–5Ocular blood flow60No candidate tonometer
Gardiner SK, Demirel S. Assessment of patient opinions of different clinical tests used in the management of glaucoma. Ophthalmology 2008;115:2127–31None101No candidate tonometer
Hallberg P, Eklund A, Bäcklund T, Lindén C. Clinical evaluation of applanation resonance tonometry: a comparison with Goldmann applanation tonometry. J Glaucoma 2007;16:88–93Applanation resonance tonometry78No candidate tonometer
Nardi M, Bartolomei MP, Romani A, Barca L. Intraocular pressure changes in secondary positions of gaze in normal subjects and in restrictive ocular motility disorders. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1988;226:8–10GAT85No candidate tonometer
Singh RP, Goldberg I, Graham SL, Sharma A, Mohsin M. Central corneal thickness, tonometry, and ocular dimensions in glaucoma and ocular hypertension. J Glaucoma 2001;10:206–10Ocular blood flow87No candidate tonometer
Vaegan, RAM, Sanderson GF. Glaucoma affects steady state VEP contrast thresholds before psychophysics. Optom Vis Sci 2008;85:547–58None42No candidate tonometer
Wang X, Shen J, McCulley JP, Bowman RW, Petroll WM, Cavanagh HD. Intraocular pressure measurement after hyperopic LASIK. CLAO J 2002;28:136–9Ocular blood flow15No candidate tonometer
Zadok D, Tran DB, Twa M, Carpenter M, Schanzlin DJ. Pneumotonometry versus Goldmann tonometry after laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia. J Cataract Refract Surg 1999;25:1344–8Pneumotonometer17No candidate tonometer
Schmidt KG, von Ruckmann A, Pillunat LE. Topical carbonic anhydrase inhibition increases ocular pulse amplitude in high tension primary open angle glaucoma. Br J Ophthalmol 1998;82:758–62Ocular blood flow33No candidate tonometer
Georgopoulos GT, Diestelhorst M, Fisher R, Ruokonen P, Krieglstein GK. The short-term effect of latanoprost on intraocular pressure and pulsatile ocular blood flow. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2002;80:54–8Ocular blood flow24No candidate tonometer
Wolfs RC, Klaver CC, Vingerling JR, Grobbee DE, Hofman A, de Jong PT. Distribution of central corneal thickness and its association with intraocular pressure: the Rotterdam Study. Am J Ophthalmol 1997;123:767–72None395No candidate tonometer
Shah S, Chatterjee A, Mathai M, Kelly SP, Kwartz J, Henson D, et al. Relationship between corneal thickness and measured intraocular pressure in a general ophthalmology clinic. Ophthalmology 1999;106:2154–60None868 (eyes)No candidate tonometer
Troost R, Vogel A, Beck S, Schwenn O, Grus F, Pfeiffer N. Clinical comparison of two intraocular pressure measurement methods: SmartLens dynamic observing tonography versus Goldmann. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2001;239:889–92SmartLens80No candidate tonometer
Munger R, Hodge WG, Mintsioulis G, Agapitos PJ, Jackson WB, Damji KF. Correction of intraocular pressure for changes in central corneal thickness following photorefractive keratectomy. Can J Ophthalmol 1998;33:159–65None318No candidate tonometer
Hoffmann EM, Grus FH, Pfeiffer N. Intraocular pressure and ocular pulse amplitude using dynamic contour tonometry and contact lens tonometry. BMC Ophthalmol 2004;4:4DCT, SmartLens19No candidate tonometer (prototype version of DCT)
Kontiola A. A new electromechanical method for measuring intraocular pressure. Doca Ophthalmol 1996;93:265–76Electromechanical methodPig eyesNon-human population
Erdurmus M, Totan Y, Hepsen IF, Yagci R. Comparison of dynamic contour tonometry and noncontact tonometry in ocular hypertension and glaucoma. Eye 2009;23:663–8DCT, NCT104Reference tonometer not used
Garcia-Resua C, Gonzalez-Meijome JM, Gilino J, Yebra-Pimentel E. Accuracy of the new ICare rebound tonometer vs. other portable tonometers in healthy eyes. Optom Vis Sci 2006;83:102–7RT, TonoPen65Reference tonometer not used
Moreno-Montanes J, Garcia N, Fernandez-Hortelano A, Garcia-Layana A. Rebound tonometer compared with Goldmann tonometer in normal and pathologic corneas. Cornea 2007;26:427–30RT150Reference tonometer not used
Moreno-Montanes J, Maldonado MJ, Garcia N, Mendiluce L, Garcia-Gomez PJ, Segui-Gomez M. Reproducibility and clinical relevance of the ocular response analyzer in nonoperated eyes: corneal biomechanical and tonometric implications. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2008;49:968–74ORA262Reference tonometer not used
Kontiola A, Puska P. Measuring intraocular pressure with the Pulsair 3000 and Rebound tonometers in elderly patients without an anesthetic. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2004;242:3–7RT131Reference tonometer not used
Herdener S, Pache M, Lautebach S, Funk J. Dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) versus Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) – a comparison of agreement and reproducibility. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2007;245:1027–30DCT23Same study sample as in an included study

NA, not available.

From: Appendix 2, List of excluded full-text studies

Cover of Surveillance for Ocular Hypertension: An Evidence Synthesis and Economic Evaluation
Surveillance for Ocular Hypertension: An Evidence Synthesis and Economic Evaluation.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.29.
Burr JM, Botello-Pinzon P, Takwoingi Y, et al.
Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Jun.
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Included under terms of UK Non-commercial Government License.

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