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Rev-mediated nuclear export of HIV RNA

The HIV-1 genome contains 9 genes encoded by a single transcript. In order for the virus to replicate, unspliced, singly-spliced and fully spliced viral mRNA must be exported from the nucleus. The HIV-1 mRNA splice sites are inefficient resulting it the accumulation of a pool of incompletely spliced RNAs (Staffa and Cochrane, 1994). In the early stages of the viral life cycle, or in the absence of the viral Rev protein, completely spliced viral mRNA which encode the regulatory proteins Tat, Nef and Rev are exported from the nucleus while the incompletely spliced structural protein encoding transcripts are held within the nucleus by cellular proteins that normally function in preventing the nuclear export of cellular pre-mRNA. Export of both unspliced and partially spliced mRNA is mediated by the viral protein Rev which is recruited, along with cellular cofactors, to the Rev Response Element (RRE) within the HIV-1 mRNA sequence (Malim et al., 1990; Fischer et al., 1994). The cellular hRIP protein is essential for correct Rev-mediated export of viral RNAs to the cytoplasm (Sanchez-Velar et al., 2004; Yu et al., 2005).

from REACTOME source record: R-HSA-165054
Type: pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
BSID:
1269085

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