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Items: 1 to 20 of 32

1.

Respiratory electron transport

Mitochondria are often described as the "powerhouse" of a cell as it is here that energy is largely released from the oxidation of food. Reducing equivalents generated from beta-oxidation of fatty acids and from the Krebs cycle enter the electron transport chain (also called the respiratory...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
2.

Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins.

Oxidation of fatty acids and pyruvate in the mitochondrial matrix yield large amounts of NADH. The respiratory electron transport chain couples the re-oxidation of this NADH to NAD+ to the export of protons from the mitochonrial matrix, generating a chemiosmotic gradient across the...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
3.

Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

In the citric acid or tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, the acetyl group of acetyl CoA (derived primarily from oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, and catabolism of ketone bodies and several amino acids) can be completely oxidized to CO2...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
4.

Pyruvate metabolism and Citric Acid (TCA) cycle

Pyruvate metabolism and the citric acid (TCA) cycle together link the processes of energy metabolism in a human cell with one another and with key biosynthetic reactions. Pyruvate, derived from the reversible oxidation of lactate or transamination of alanine, can be converted to acetyl...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
5.

The citric acid (TCA) cycle and respiratory electron transport

The metabolism of pyruvate provides one source of acetyl-CoA which enters the citric acid (TCA, tricarboxylic acid) cycle to generate energy and the reducing equivalent NADH. These reducing equivalents are re-oxidized back to NAD+ in the electron transport chain (ETC), coupling this...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
6.

Metabolism

Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
7.

TCA cycle III (animals)

General Background The TCA tricarboxylic acid cycle is a pathway of aerobic respiration that generates both energy and reducing power. It can also generate precursors for various biosynthetic pathways. The pathway is common, and a variation of it exists in all aerobic organisms |CITS:...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
8.

Succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone)

Structural complex; Energy metabolism; ATP synthesis

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
890445
KEGG
: M00148
9.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH may further lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)....

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
10.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH may further lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)....

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
11.

Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)

Pathway module; Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; Central carbohydrate metabolism

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
12.

superpathway of conversion of glucose to acetyl CoA and entry into the TCA cycle

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
13.

Carbon metabolism

Carbon metabolism is the most basic aspect of life. This map presents an overall view of central carbon metabolism, where the number of carbons is shown for each compound denoted by a circle, excluding a cofactor (CoA, CoM, THF, or THMPT) that is replaced by an asterisk. The map contains...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
14.

Carbon metabolism

Carbon metabolism is the most basic aspect of life. This map presents an overall view of central carbon metabolism, where the number of carbons is shown for each compound denoted by a circle, excluding a cofactor (CoA, CoM, THF, or THMPT) that is replaced by an asterisk. The map contains...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
15.

TCA cycle

General Background The TCA tricarboxylic acid cycle is a pathway of aerobic respiration that generates both energy and reducing power. It can also generate precursors for various biosynthetic pathways. The pathway is common, and a variation of it exists in all aerobic organisms ....

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
16.

Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate

Pathway module; Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; Central carbohydrate metabolism

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
468204
KEGG
: M00011
17.

Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)

Pathway module; Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; Central carbohydrate metabolism

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
468202
KEGG
: M00009
18.

Succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone)

Structural complex; Energy metabolism; ATP synthesis

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
19.

Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate

Pathway module; Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; Central carbohydrate metabolism

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
20.

Electron Transport Chain

An electron transport chain(ETC) couples a chemical reaction between an electron donor (such as NADH) and an electron acceptor (such as O2) to the transfer of H+ ions across a membrane, through a set of mediating biochemical reactions. These H+ ions are used to produce adenosine triphosphate...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem

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