BioSample Antibiograms

Providing antibiogram data

As part of a multi-agency collaboration, NCBI is collecting antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance data derived from drug resistant pathogens. This information is submitted as an antibiogram table on BioSample records. Submission of antibiogram data is not required, but highly encouraged if you have this information available.

See example of a BioSample with an antibiogram table.

Antibiogram data can be submitted in two ways:

  1. Through the BioSample Submission Portal as part of a Pathogen package batch submission. Antibiogram data are submitted on the ‘Attributes’ tab.
  2. If the BioSamples have already been created, please email corresponding antibiogram data to biosamplehelp@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov and curators will update the records.

Download antibiogram template.

Antibiogram data are subject to content validation, including antibiotic names (see below). If the error reports are not clear, please write to biosamplehelp@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov for assistance.

Mandatory Fields

Provide either the 'sample name' you assigned to your BioSample, or the BioSample accession number.

The complete list of recognized antibiotics is provided at the foot of this page.

Name Synonym
intermediate I
nonsusceptible NS
not defined N, ND
resistant R
susceptible S, sensitive
susceptible-dose dependent SSD
Name Synonym
< less than
<= less than or equal to
== =, equal to
> greater than
>= greater than or equal to

Antibiotic concentration measurement.
The measurement for a simple antibiotic should be a number.
The measurement for a combined antibiotic should be in format number1/number2.
The valid range for unit 'mg/L' is a positive number up to 1024; the valid range for unit 'mm' is between 6 and 150.

Name Synonym
mg/L microgram/milliliter, microgram/millilitre, micrograms/milliliter, micrograms/millilitre
mm millimeter, millimeters

The measurement units should be appropriate for selected lab typing method.

Name Synonym
MIC broth dilution, broth microdilution, frozen broth microdilution, macrodilution, microbroth dilution, microdilution, minimal inhibitory concentration
agar dilution
disk diffusion
missing
Name Synonym
BSAC
CLSI
DIN
EUCAST
NARMS
NCCLS
SFM
SIR
WRG
missing

Optional Fields

Name Synonym
Microscan
Phoenix
Sensititre
Vitek
Name Synonym
Becton Dickinson
Biomérieux Biom?rieux, Biomerieux
Siemens
Trek
Name Synonym
96-Well Plate
E-Test
GM-NEG

All recognized antibiotics

You can also get the Antibiotics table in text format.

Name Synonym Combination
G418
GE2270A
GE37468
Imipenem-EDTA-PA
L-681,217
SB22484
UK-69,753
acridine dye
acriflavin
actinomycin
actinomycin D
amikacin AMK
amoxicillin AMX
amoxicillin-clavulanic acid AMC, augmentin yes
amphotericin B
ampicillin AMP
ampicillin-sulbactam SAM yes
amythiamicin A
anidulafungin
antibiotic A40926
antibiotic A47934
apramycin
arbekacin
arsphenamine
arylomycin
astromicin
aurodox
avoparcin
azamulin
azdimycin
azidamfenicol
azithromycin AZM
azlocillin AZL
aztreonam ATM
bacitracin
bacitracin A
bacitracin B
bacitracin F
balhimycin
benzylpenicillin
bicyclomycin
bleomycin
bleomycin A2
bleomycin B2
bleomycinic acid
brodimoprim
butirosin
capreomycin
carbenicillin CAR
carbomycin
caspofungin
cefaclor CEC
cefadroxil CFR
cefalexin
cefalotin
cefamandole FAM
cefazolin CFZ
cefdinir CDR
cefditoren CDN
cefepime FEP
cefetamet FET
cefixime CFM
cefmetazole CMZ
cefonicid CID
cefoperazone CFP
cefotaxime CTX
cefotaxime-clavulanic acid yes
cefotetan CTT
cefotiam
cefoxitin FOX
cefpodoxime CPD
cefpodoxime-proxetil
cefprozil CPR
ceftaroline
ceftazidime CAZ
ceftazidime-avibactam yes
ceftazidime-clavulanic acid yes
ceftibuten CTB
ceftiofur
ceftizoxime ZOX
ceftobiprole
ceftolozane-tazobactam yes
ceftriaxone CRO
cefuroxime CXM
celesticetin
cephalexin LEX
cephalothin CEF
cephamycin
cephapirin HAP
cephem
cephradine RAD
chalcomycin
chloramphenicol CHL
chloroeremomycin
chlortetracycline
cinoxacin CIN
ciprofloxacin CIP
clarithromycin CLR
clavulanic acid CLA
clinafloxacin CLX
clindamycin CLI
clofazimine
clorobiocin
cloxacillin
colistin CST
colistin A
colistin B
coumermycin A1
cyclic thiazolyl peptide elfamycin
cycloserine
dalbavancin
dalfopristin
danofloxacin
daptomycin DAP
defensin
delafloxacin
demeclocycline
diaminopyrimidine
dibekacin
dicloxacillin DCX
dihydromocimycin
dirithromycin DTM
doripenem DOR
doxycycline DOX
edeine
edeine A
edeine B
edeine D
edeine F
efrotomycin
elfamycin
enacyloxin IIa
enoxacin ENX
enrofloxacin
ertapenem ERT
erythromycin ERY
ethambutol
ethionamide
factumycin
fidaxomicin
fleroxacin FLE
flomoxef
florfenicol
flucloxacillin
fluconazole
flucytosine
fluoroquinolone
fosfomycin FOF
fosmidomycin
furazolidone
fusidic acid
ganefromycin
gatifloxacin GAT
gentamicin GEN
gentamicin B
gentamicin C
glycylcycline
gramicidin
gramicidin A
gramicidin B
gramicidin C
gramicidin D
gramicidin S
grepafloxacin GRX
griseoviridin
heneicomycin
hygromycin B
iclaprim
imipenem IPM
isavuconazole
isepamicin
isoniazid
isopenicillin N
itraconazole
josamycin
kanamycin KAN
kanamycin A
kasugamicin
kirromycin
kirrothricin
kitasamycin
levofloxacin LVX
lincomycin
lincosamide
linezolid LZD
lipopeptide antibiotic
lividomycin
lividomycin A
lividomycin B
lomefloxacin LOM
loracarbef LOR
madumycin II
mafenide
magainin
mecillinam
megalomycin
meropenem MEM
methicillin MET, meticillin
methymycin
metronidazole
mezlocillin MEZ
micafungin
midecamycin
minocycline MIN
moenomycin
moenomycin A1
moxalactam MOX
moxifloxacin MXF
mupirocin
mycinamicin
nafcillin NAF
nalidixic acid NAL
narbomycin
neomycin
netilmicin NET
nicotinamide
niddamycin
nitrofurantoin NIT
norfloxacin NOR
novobiocin
ofloxacin OFX
oleandomycin
oritavancin
ostreogrycin B3
oxacillin OXA
oxytetracycline
para-aminosalicylic acid
paromomycin
patricin A
patricin B
pefloxacin
penam
penicillin PEN
penicillin N
phenelfamycin A
phenelfamycin B
phenelfamycin C
phenelfamycin D
phenelfamycin E
phenelfamycin F
phenelfamycin G
phenelfamycin H
phenicol
phenoxymethylpenicillin
pikromycin
piperacillin PIP
piperacillin-sulbactam yes
piperacillin-tazobactam TZP yes
plazomicin
pleuromutilin
polymyxin
polymyxin B PMB
polymyxin B1
polymyxin B2
polymyxin B3
polymyxin B4
posaconazole
pristinamycin IA
pristinamycin IB
pristinamycin IIA
propicillin
prothionamide
pulvomycin
puromycin
pyrazinamide
quinupristin
quinupristin-dalfopristin Q-D
retapamulin
ribostamycin
rifabutin RFB
rifampin RIF, rifaldazine, rifampicin
rifamycin
rifapentine RFP
rifaximin
ristocetin
rosaramicin
roxithromycin
sisomicin
sparfloxacin SPX
spectinomycin SPT
spiramycin
streptogramin
streptogramin A antibiotic
streptogramin B antibiotic
streptomycin STR
streptothricin
sulbactam SUL
sulfacetamide
sulfadiazine
sulfadimethoxine sulphadimethoxine
sulfadimidine
sulfadoxine
sulfamethizole
sulfamethoxazole
sulfasalazine
sulfisoxazole
sulfonamide
surotomycin
synercid
tazobactam TZB
tedizolid
teicoplanin TEC
telavancin
telithromycin TEL
temocillin
tetracycline TET
tetroxoprim
thiamphenicol
thiostrepton
tiamulin
ticarcillin TIC
ticarcillin-clavulanic acid TIM yes
tigecycline TGC
tilmicosin
timentin
tinidazole
tobramycin TOB
triclosan
trimethoprim TMP
trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole SXT, co-trimoxazole, cotrimoxazole yes
trovafloxacin TVA
tuberactinomycin
tulathromycin
tunicamycin
tylosin
tyrothricin
unphenelfamycin
valnemulin
vancomycin VAN
verdamicin
vernamycin B-gamma
vernamycin C
vertilimicin
viomycin
virginiamycin S2
voriconazole
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