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Accession: PRJNA112077 ID: 112077

Genome-wide Transcriptional Profiling Reveals MicroRNA-correlated Genes and Pathways in Human Lymphoblastoid Cell Lines (human)

See Genome Information for Homo sapiens
Background: Expression level of many genes shows abundant natural variation in human populations. The variations in gene expression are believed to contribute to phenotypic differences. Emerging evidence has shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are one of the key regulators of gene expression. However, past studies have focused on the miRNA target genes and use loss- or gain-of-function approach that may not reflect natural association between miRNA and mRNAs. Methodology/Principal Findings: To examine miRNA regulatory effect on global gene expression under endogenous condition, we performed pair-wise correlation coefficient analysis on expression levels of 366 miRNAs and 14,174 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in 90 immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines, and observed significant correlations between the two species of RNA transcripts. We identified a total of 7,207 significantly correlated miRNA-mRNA pairs (false discovery rate q <0.01). Of those, 4,085 pairs showed positive correlations while 3,122 pairs showed negative correlations. Gene ontology analyses on the miRNA-correlated genes revealed significant enrichments in several biological pathways related to cell cycle, cell communication and signal transduction. Individually, each of three miRNAs (miR-331, -98 and -33b) demonstrated significant correlation with the genes in cell cycle-related biological processes, which is consistent with important role of miRNAs in cell cycle regulation. Surprisingly, most miRNA-correlated genes were not direct targets predicted by mRNA target prediction program, TargetScan, suggesting indirect endogenous relationship between miRNAs and their correlated mRNAs. Conclusions/Significance: This study demonstrates feasibility of using naturally expressed transcript profiles to identify endogenous correlation between miRNA and miRNA. By applying this genome-wide approach, we have identified thousands of miRNA-correlated genes and revealed potential role of miRNAs in several important cellular functions. The study results along with accompanying data sets will provide a wealth of high-throughput data to further evaluate the miRNA-regulated genes and eventually in phenotypic variations of human populations. Keywords: correlation coefficient analysis, gene ontology analysis Overall design: to correlate miRNA expression levels with microRNA expression at genome-wide scale in 90 cell lines.
AccessionPRJNA112077; GEO: GSE14794
Data TypeTranscriptome or Gene expression
OrganismHomo sapiens[Taxonomy ID: 9606]
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo; Homo sapiens
PublicationsWang L et al., "Genome-wide transcriptional profiling reveals microRNA-correlated genes and biological processes in human lymphoblastoid cell lines.", PLoS One, 2009 Jun 11;4(6):e5878
SubmissionRegistration date: 11-Feb-2009
Project Data:
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Other datasets
GEO DataSets1
GEO Data Details
Data volume, Spots4449240
Data volume, Processed Mbytes89
Data volume, Supplementary Mbytes246

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