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Organism name:
Sturnus vulgaris (Common starling)
McDonnell Genome Institute - Washington University School of Medicine
Assembly level:
Genome representation:
RefSeq category:
representative genome
GenBank assembly accession:
GCA_001447265.1 (latest)
RefSeq assembly accession:
GCF_001447265.1 (latest)
RefSeq assembly and GenBank assembly identical:
WGS Project:
Assembly method:
ALLPATHS-LG v. June 2015
Genome coverage:
Sequencing technology:

IDs: 585151 [UID] 2690698 [GenBank] 2701268 [RefSeq]

See Genome Information for Sturnus vulgaris

There are 2 assemblies for this organism

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History (Show revision history)


 Background: Native to Europe, Asia and North Africa, Sturnus vulgaris (the Common or European starling) has been introduced globally, save in Neotropical regions. In the 19th century, starlings were introduced for the purpose of controlling invertebrate pests, and ... thought to serve as a benefit to agriculture. Since this time common starlings, considered aggressive omnivores, have caused significant agricultural damage each year, contributed to the decline of local native bird species through competition for resources and nesting spaces and can also act as a disease vector with implications for livestock and human health. For these reasons the Common starling has been nominated as among 100 of the "World's Worst" invaders. The Common starling DNA for shotgun sequencing is derived from an adult male (Stunus vulgaris; bird ID 715) within the laboratory of Dr. Scott Werner, USDA APHIS Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, 4101 LaPorte Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80521. Total sequence genome input coverage on the Illumina HiSeq instrument was approx. 74x (39x fragments, and 35x 3kb) using a genome size estimate of 1Gb. The combined sequence reads were assembled using ALLPATHS-LG software (Gnerre et al 2011). This 1.0 version has been cleaned of contaminating contigs, and contigs 200bp and less were removed. The assembly is made up of a total of 2361 scaffolds (including single contig scaffolds) with an N50 scaffold length of 3.6Mb (N50 contig length was 152kb). The assembly spans 1.01Gb. 
 This work was supported by funding from the following labs: Dr. Dave Burt Dept. Genomics and Genetics The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies The Roslin Institute Building University of Edinburgh Easter Bush Campus Midlothian EH25 9RG
 Dr. Lee Ann Rollins School of Life and Environmental Sciences Deakin University Pigdons Road, Geelong VIC 3217
 Dr. Kate Buchanan School of Life and Environmental Sciences Deakin University 75 Pigdons Rd, Waurn Ponds Geelong 3216 Vic Australia.
 Dr. Hannah Rowland Department of Zoology University of Cambridge Downing Street Cambridge CB2 3EJ
 Dr Phillip Cassey School of Earth & Environmental Sciences The University of Adelaide Benham Building, Room 106 SA 5005 AUSTRALIA 
 Dr. Tim Blackburn Department of Genetics, Evolution & Environment Centre for Biodiversity & Environment Research Darwin Building Room 118 University College London Gower Street London WC1E 6B
 Dr. Melissa Bateson Ethology Centre for Behaviour and Evolution Institute of Neuroscience Newcastle University Henry Wellcome Building Framlington Place Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom
 Dr. Annemie Van der Linden Universiteit Antwerpen Bio Imaging Lab Universiteitsplein 1 gebouw U-C B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium

 DNA Source Contact: Dr. Scott Werner, USDA APHIS Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, 4101 LaPorte Ave., Fort Collins, CO 80521-2154 Sturnus vulgaris 1.0 Sequence and Assembly Credits: DNA source - Dr. Scott Werner, USDA APHIS Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO. Genome Sequence - McDonnell Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO. Sequence Assembly - McDonnell Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO. Citation upon use of this assembly in a manuscript: It is requested that users of this Sturnus vulgaris 1.0 sequence assembly acknowledge the consortium members in any publications that result from use of this sequence assembly.

 Sturnus vulgaris 1.0 assembly statistics: (scaffold = supercontig)
 *** Contiguity: Contig *** Total contig number: 22666 Total contig bases: 1012819553 bp Average contig length: 44685 bp Maximum contig length: 1730626 bp N50 contig length: 151865 bp N50 contig number: 1828
 *** Contiguity: Supercontig *** Total supercontig number: 2361 Average supercontig length: 428979 bp Maximum supercontig length: 11753828 bp N50 supercontig length: 3630945 bp N50 supercontig number: 86
 *** Scaffold Distribution *** Scaffolds > 1M: 282 Scaffold 250K--1M: 179 Scaffold 100K--250K: 71 Scaffold 10--100K: 241 Scaffold 5--10K: 182 Scaffold 2--5K: 490 Scaffold 0--2K: 916  more

Global statistics

Total sequence length1,036,755,994
Total ungapped length1,012,819,553
Gaps between scaffolds0
Number of scaffolds2,361
Scaffold N503,416,708
Scaffold L5089
Number of contigs22,666
Contig N50151,865
Contig L501,828
Total number of chromosomes and plasmids0
Number of component sequences (WGS or clone)22,666

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Global assembly definition

Download the full sequence report
Click on the table row to see sequence details in the table to the right
Assembly Unit Name
Primary Assembly
The primary assembly unit does not have any assembled chromosomes or linkage groups.
Please download the full sequence report for information on the scaffolds.

Assembly statistics

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