Link to NCBI Front Page Taxonomy Logo
Entrez PubMed Nucleotide Protein Genome Structure PMC Taxonomy BioCollections
Taxonomy browser (Corynebacterium glutamicum)

Corynebacterium glutamicum

Taxonomy ID: 1718 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid1718)
current name
Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967
type strain of Corynebacterium glutamicum: ATCC:13032, CCUG:27702, CIP:82.8, DSM:20300, HAMBI:2052, IFO:12168, JCM:1318, BCCM/LMG:3730, NBRC:12168, NRRL:B-2784
homotypic synonym:
"Micrococcus glutamicus" Kinoshita et al. 1958, effective name 1)
Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967 emend. Nouioui et al. 2018, emended name 2) in [Nouioui I et al. (2018b)]
Arthrobacter sp. NCIB 9666
Brevibacterium sp. ATCC 19165
Microbacterium sp. ATCC 15283
NCBI BLAST name: high GC Gram+
Rank: species
Genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid)
Other names:
heterotypic synonym
'Brevibacterium lactofermentum'
heterotypic synonym
'Corynebacterium lactofermentum'
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium chang-fua
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium glutamigenes
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium lactofermentum
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium saccharolyticum
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium seonmiso
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium taipei
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium thiogenitalis
heterotypic synonym
Corynebacterium lactofermentum
heterotypic synonym
Micrococcus maripuniceus
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. approb. 3)
type strain of Brevibacterium divaricatum: ATCC:14020, JCM:1307
heterotypic synonym
Corynebacterium lilium Lee and Good 1963 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. approb. 3)
type strain of Corynebacterium lilium: ATCC:15990, DSM:20137, JCM:1321, BCCM/LMG:3654
Lineage( full )
cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinomycetia; Corynebacteriales; Corynebacteriaceae; Corynebacterium
   Entrez records   
Database name Subtree links Direct links Links from type
Nucleotide 33,789 32,397 111
Protein 201,509 160,321 -
Structure 205 112 -
Genome 2 1 -
Popset 12 12 -
Conserved Domains 2 2 -
GEO Datasets 495 247 -
PubMed Central 4,596 4,596 -
Gene 31,011 6,263 -
SRA Experiments 681 462 -
Protein Clusters 2,200 2,200 -
Identical Protein Groups 44,878 42,190 -
Bio Project 273 140 -
Bio Sample 689 399 208
Bio Systems 1,885 561 -
Assembly 78 64 4
Probe 2 1 -
PubChem BioAssay 18 15 -
Taxonomy 13 1 -


Comments and References:

Nouioui I et al. (2018b), doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02007, PubMed: abstract
Nouioui, I., Carro, L., García-López, M., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Woyke, T., Kyrpides, N.C., Pukall, R., Klenk, H.-P., Goodfellow, M., and Göker M. "Genome-based taxonomic classification of the phylum Actinobacteria." Front. Microbiol. (2018) 9:2007.
Brevibacterium flavum & lactofermentum
"The Prokaryotes" (2nd edition) p. 1158 discusses the nomenclatural status of Brevibacterium flavum and Brevibacterium lactofermentum: "Their systematic classification has not been clarified but numerous data exist [citations listed below] indicating their close relatedness, if not identity, with Corynebacterium glutamicum: C. lilium, Brevibacterium flavum, B. lactofermentum, and B. divaricatum. Of the nomenclatural species B. flavum, B. lactofermentum, B. divaricatum, only B. divaricatum is included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Skerman et al., 1980), and none is a true member of the genus Brevibacterium. Therefore, data obtained with these species will be included with the discussion of the properties of Corynebacterium glutamicum." Abe et al. (1967) J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 13:279-301. Suzuki et al. (1981) Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31:131-138. Minnikin et al. (1978) in "Coryneform bacteria" Academic Press, London.
'Corynebacterium lactofermentum' = Corynebacterium glutamicum
Amador et al. (1999) propose the transfer of "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" to "Corynebacterium lactofermentum" on the basis of studies involving "B. lactofermentum" strains ATCC 13869 and DSM 20412. However, the ATCC catalogue of strains lists ATCC 13869 as C. glutamicum. Moreover, Liebl et al. (1991) have previously transferred "B. lactofermentum" strains DSM 20412 and DSM 1412 to C. glutamicum.
Abe S et al. (1967)
Abe, S., Takayama, K., and Kinoshita, S. "Taxonomical studies on glutamic acid-producing bacteria." J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. (1967) 13:279-301. [No PubMed record available.]
Amador E et al. (1999)
Amador, E., Castro, J.M., Correia, A., and Martin, J.F. "Structure and organization of the rrnD operon of 'Brevibacterium lactofermentum': analysis of the 16S rRNA gene." Microbiology (1999) 145:915-924.
Fukuda H (1971) (Brevibacterium thiogenitalis)
Fukuda H. "Method for producing L-glutamic acid." U.S. Pat. 3,623,951 dated Nov. 30, 1971.
Liebl W et al. (1991)
Liebl, W., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. "Transfer of Brevibacterium divaricatum DSM 20297T, "Brevibacterium flavum" DSM 20411, "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" DSM 20412 and DSM 1412, and Corynebacterium glutamicum and their distinction by rRNA gene restriction patterns." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1991) 41:255-260.
Okumura S et al. (1962) (Brevibacterium saccharolyticum)
Okumura, S. et al. "Studies on the L-glutamic acid fermentation. Part I. The new bacteria of the genus Brevibacterium isolated from the nature to produce L-glutamic acid." J. Agric. Chem. Soc. Jpn. (1962) 36:141-159. [No PubMed record available.]
Oberreuter H et al. (2002b)
Oberreuter, H., Charzinski, J., and Scherer, S. "Intraspecific diversity of Brevibacterium linens, Corynebacterium glutamicum and Rhodococcus erythropolis based on partial 16S rDNA sequence analysis and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy." Microbiology (2002) 148:1523-1532.
Skerman VBD et al. (1980) (Corynebacterium glutamicum)
Skerman, V.B.D., McGowan, V., and Sneath, P.H.A. (editors): "Approved lists of bacterial names." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1980) 30:225-420. [No PubMed record available.]
Su Y & Yamada K (1960)
Su, Y., and Yamada, K.: Bull. Agric. Chem. Soc. Japan (1960) 24:69-74. [No PubMed record available.]
Zobell CE & Upham HC (1944) (Micrococcus maripuniceus)
Zobell, C.E., and Upham, H.C. "A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species." Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. (1944) 5: 239-292. [No PubMed record available.]

External Information Resources (NCBI LinkOut)

LinkOut Subject LinkOut Provider
Corynebacterium glutamicum meta-databases BacDive
4 records from this provider organism-specific BioCyc
Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) taxonomy/phylogenetic Encyclopedia of life
33 records from this provider organism-specific Genomes On Line Database
Show Biotic Interactions taxonomy/phylogenetic Global Biotic Interactions
Corynebacterium glutamicum culture/stock collections Global Catalogue of Microorganisms
Related Immune Epitope Information gene/protein/disease-specific Immune Epitope Database and Analysis Resource
21 records from provider organism-specific Integrated Microbial Genomes
Groups interested in participating in the LinkOut program should visit the LinkOut home page.
A list of our current non-bibliographic LinkOut providers can be found here.

Information from sequence entries

Show organism modifiers

Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information.

Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. Database (Oxford). 2020: baaa062. PubMed: 32761142 PMC: PMC7408187.

Comments and questions to

[Help] [Search] [NLM NIH] [Disclaimer]