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Taxonomy browser (Corynebacterium glutamicum)

Corynebacterium glutamicum

Taxonomy ID: 1718 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid1718)
current name
Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967
type strain of Corynebacterium glutamicum: ATCC:13032, CCUG:27702, CIP:82.8, DSM:20300, HAMBI:2052, IFO:12168, JCM:1318, BCCM/LMG:3730, NBRC:12168, NRRL:B-2784
homotypic synonym:
"Micrococcus glutamicus" Kinoshita et al. 1958, effective name 1)
Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967 emend. Nouioui et al. 2018, emended name 2) in [Nouioui I et al. (2018c)]
Arthrobacter sp. NCIB 9666
Brevibacterium sp. ATCC 19165
Microbacterium sp. ATCC 15283
NCBI BLAST name: high G+C Gram-positive bacteria
Rank: species
Genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid)
Other names:
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium chang-fua
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium glutamigenes
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium lactofermentum
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium saccharolyticum
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium seonmiso
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium taipei
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium thiogenitalis
heterotypic synonym
Corynebacterium lactofermentum
heterotypic synonym
Micrococcus maripuniceus
heterotypic synonym
Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. approb. 3)
type strain of Brevibacterium divaricatum: ATCC:14020, JCM:1307
heterotypic synonym
Corynebacterium lilium Lee and Good 1963 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. approb. 4)
type strain of Corynebacterium lilium: ATCC:15990, DSM:20137, JCM:1321, BCCM/LMG:3654
heterotypic synonym
Corynebacterium crenatum
homotypic synonym:
"Corynebacterium crenatum" Chen and Li 1975, effective name 5) in [Chen Q & Li LG (1975)]
type strain of "Corynebacterium crenatum": personal::AS 1.542, CICC:20662
Lineage( full )
cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinomycetota; Actinomycetes; Mycobacteriales; Corynebacteriaceae; Corynebacterium
   Entrez records   
Database name Subtree links Direct links Links from type
Nucleotide 35,600 34,106 114
Protein 207,526 163,546 -
Structure 245 117 -
Genome 2 1 -
Popset 12 12 -
Conserved Domains 3 3 -
GEO Datasets 1,753 1,494 -
PubMed Central 5,784 5,778 -
Gene 34,147 6,294 -
SRA Experiments 935 673 -
Protein Clusters 2,200 2,200 -
Identical Protein Groups 49,469 46,657 -
BioProject 323 185 -
BioSample 992 652 356
Assembly 88 71 -
PubChem BioAssay 28 25 -
Taxonomy 14 1 -


Comments and References:

Nouioui I et al. (2018c), doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02007, PubMed: abstract
Nouioui, I., Carro, L., García-López, M., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Woyke, T., Kyrpides, N.C., Pukall, R., Klenk, H.-P., Goodfellow, M., and Göker M. "Genome-based taxonomic classification of the phylum Actinobacteria." Front. Microbiol. (2018) 9:2007.
Chen Q & Li LG (1975)
Chen, Q., and Li, L.-G. "Studies on L-glutamic acid producing bacteria AS 1.542. I. Identification of strain AS 1.542." Acta Microbiologica Sinica (Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao) (1975) 15(2):119-124 (in Chinese with English abstract).
'Corynebacterium lactofermentum' = Corynebacterium glutamicum
Amador et al. (1999) propose the transfer of "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" to "Corynebacterium lactofermentum" on the basis of studies involving "B. lactofermentum" strains ATCC 13869 and DSM 20412. However, the ATCC catalogue of strains lists ATCC 13869 as C. glutamicum. Moreover, Liebl et al. (1991) have previously transferred "B. lactofermentum" strains DSM 20412 and DSM 1412 to C. glutamicum.
Corynebacterium crenatum
'Corynebacterium crenatum' is described as a subspecies of Corynebacterium glutamicum.
Abe S et al. (1967)
Abe, S., Takayama, K., and Kinoshita, S. "Taxonomical studies on glutamic acid-producing bacteria." J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. (1967) 13:279-301. [No PubMed record available.]
Amador E et al. (1999)
Amador, E., Castro, J.M., Correia, A., and Martin, J.F. "Structure and organization of the rrnD operon of 'Brevibacterium lactofermentum': analysis of the 16S rRNA gene." Microbiology (1999) 145:915-924.
Fukuda H (1971) (Brevibacterium thiogenitalis)
Fukuda H. "Method for producing L-glutamic acid." U.S. Pat. 3,623,951 dated Nov. 30, 1971.
Liebl W et al. (1991)
Liebl, W., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. "Transfer of Brevibacterium divaricatum DSM 20297T, "Brevibacterium flavum" DSM 20411, "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" DSM 20412 and DSM 1412, and Corynebacterium glutamicum and their distinction by rRNA gene restriction patterns." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1991) 41:255-260.
Okumura S et al. (1962) (Brevibacterium saccharolyticum)
Okumura, S. et al. "Studies on the L-glutamic acid fermentation. Part I. The new bacteria of the genus Brevibacterium isolated from the nature to produce L-glutamic acid." J. Agric. Chem. Soc. Jpn. (1962) 36:141-159. [No PubMed record available.]
Oberreuter H et al. (2002b)
Oberreuter, H., Charzinski, J., and Scherer, S. "Intraspecific diversity of Brevibacterium linens, Corynebacterium glutamicum and Rhodococcus erythropolis based on partial 16S rDNA sequence analysis and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy." Microbiology (2002) 148:1523-1532.
Skerman VBD et al. (1980) (Corynebacterium glutamicum)
Skerman, V.B.D., McGowan, V., and Sneath, P.H.A. (editors): "Approved lists of bacterial names." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1980) 30:225-420. [No PubMed record available.]
Su Y & Yamada K (1960)
Su, Y., and Yamada, K.: Bull. Agric. Chem. Soc. Japan (1960) 24:69-74. [No PubMed record available.]
Zobell CE & Upham HC (1944) (Micrococcus maripuniceus)
Zobell, C.E., and Upham, H.C. "A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species." Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. (1944) 5: 239-292. [No PubMed record available.]
Brevibacterium flavum & lactofermentum
"The Prokaryotes" (2nd edition) p. 1158 discusses the nomenclatural status of Brevibacterium flavum and Brevibacterium lactofermentum: "Their systematic classification has not been clarified but numerous data exist [citations listed below] indicating their close relatedness, if not identity, with Corynebacterium glutamicum: C. lilium, Brevibacterium flavum, B. lactofermentum, and B. divaricatum. Of the nomenclatural species B. flavum, B. lactofermentum, B. divaricatum, only B. divaricatum is included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Skerman et al., 1980), and none is a true member of the genus Brevibacterium. Therefore, data obtained with these species will be included with the discussion of the properties of Corynebacterium glutamicum." Abe et al. (1967) J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 13:279-301. Suzuki et al. (1981) Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31:131-138. Minnikin et al. (1978) in "Coryneform bacteria" Academic Press, London.

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Corynebacterium glutamicum meta-databases BacDive
10 records from this provider organism-specific BioCyc
Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) taxonomy/phylogenetic Encyclopedia of life
33 records from this provider organism-specific Genomes On Line Database
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Corynebacterium glutamicum culture/stock collections Global Catalogue of Microorganisms
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OMA taxonomy/phylogenetic OMA Browser: Orthologous MAtrix
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Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information.

Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. Database (Oxford). 2020: baaa062. PubMed: 32761142 PMC: PMC7408187.

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