National Center for
5M62: Structure of the Mus musclus Langerin carbohydrate recognition domain in complex with glucose
Bacterial Polysaccharide Specificity of the Pattern Recognition Receptor Langerin Is Highly Species-dependent
J. Biol. Chem. (2017) 292 p.862-871
The recognition of pathogen surface polysaccharides by glycan-binding proteins is a cornerstone of innate host defense. Many members of the C-type lectin receptor family serve as pattern recognition receptors facilitating pathogen uptake, antigen processing, and immunomodulation. Despite the high evolutionary pressure in host-pathogen interactions, it is still widely assumed that genetic homology conveys similar specificities. Here, we investigate the ligand specificities of the human and murine forms of the myeloid C-type lectin receptor langerin for simple and complex ligands augmented by structural insight into murine langerin. Although the two homologs share the same three-dimensional structure and recognize simple ligands identically, a screening of more than 300 bacterial polysaccharides revealed highly diverging avidity and selectivity for larger and more complex glycans. Structural and evolutionary conservation analysis identified a highly variable surface adjacent to the canonic binding site, potentially forming a secondary site of interaction for large glycans.