National Center for
5KOR: Arabidopsis Thaliana Fucosyltransferase 1 (fut1) In Complex With Gdp And A Xylo-oligossacharide
Structure of Arabidopsis thaliana FUT1 Reveals a Variant of the GT-B Class Fold and Provides Insight into Xyloglucan Fucosylation
Plant Cell (2016) 28 p.2352-2364
The plant cell wall is a complex and dynamic network made mostly of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and pectins. Xyloglucan, the major hemicellulosic component in Arabidopsis thaliana, is biosynthesized in the Golgi apparatus by a series of glycan synthases and glycosyltransferases before export to the wall. A better understanding of the xyloglucan biosynthetic machinery will give clues toward engineering plants with improved wall properties or designing novel xyloglucan-based biomaterials. The xyloglucan-specific alpha2-fucosyltransferase FUT1 catalyzes the transfer of fucose from GDP-fucose to terminal galactosyl residues on xyloglucan side chains. Here, we present crystal structures of Arabidopsis FUT1 in its apoform and in a ternary complex with GDP and a xylo-oligosaccharide acceptor (named XLLG). Although FUT1 is clearly a member of the large GT-B fold family, like other fucosyltransferases of known structures, it contains a variant of the GT-B fold. In particular, it includes an extra C-terminal region that is part of the acceptor binding site. Our crystal structures support previous findings that FUT1 behaves as a functional dimer. Mutational studies and structure comparison with other fucosyltransferases suggest that FUT1 uses a SN2-like reaction mechanism similar to that of protein-O-fucosyltransferase 2. Thus, our results provide new insights into the mechanism of xyloglucan fucosylation in the Golgi.