5HQD: Acoustic injectors for drop-on-demand serial femtosecond crystallography

X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) provide very intense X-ray pulses suitable for macromolecular crystallography. Each X-ray pulse typically lasts for tens of femtoseconds and the interval between pulses is many orders of magnitude longer. Here we describe two novel acoustic injection systems that use focused sound waves to eject picoliter to nanoliter crystal-containing droplets out of microplates and into the X-ray pulse from which diffraction data are collected. The on-demand droplet delivery is synchronized to the XFEL pulse scheme, resulting in X-ray pulses intersecting up to 88% of the droplets. We tested several types of samples in a range of crystallization conditions, wherein the overall crystal hit ratio (e.g., fraction of images with observable diffraction patterns) is a function of the microcrystal slurry concentration. We report crystal structures from lysozyme, thermolysin, and stachydrine demethylase (Stc2). Additional samples were screened to demonstrate that these methods can be applied to rare samples.
PDB ID: 5HQDDownload
MMDB ID: 136461
PDB Deposition Date: 2016/1/21
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.52  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5HQD: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5HQD
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (6 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB