5G4N: Crystal Structure Of The P53 Cancer Mutant Y220c In Complex With A Difluorinated Derivative Of The Small Molecule Stabilizer Phikan083

Citation:
Abstract
Many oncogenic mutants of the tumor suppressor p53 are conformationally unstable, including the frequently occurring Y220C mutant. We have previously developed several small-molecule stabilizers of this mutant. One of these molecules, PhiKan083, 1-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazole-3-yl)-N-methylmethanamine, binds to a mutation-induced surface crevice with a KD = 150 muM, thereby increasing the melting temperature of the protein and slowing its rate of aggregation. Incorporation of fluorine atoms into small molecule ligands can substantially improve binding affinity to their protein targets. We have, therefore, harnessed fluorine-protein interactions to improve the affinity of this ligand. Step-wise introduction of fluorines at the carbazole ethyl anchor, which is deeply buried within the binding site in the Y220C-PhiKan083 complex, led to a 5-fold increase in affinity for a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl anchor (ligand efficiency of 0.3 kcal mol(-1) atom(-1)). High-resolution crystal structures of the Y220C-ligand complexes combined with quantum chemical calculations revealed favorable interactions of the fluorines with protein backbone carbonyl groups (Leu145 and Trp146) and the sulfur of Cys220 at the mutation site. Affinity gains were, however, only achieved upon trifluorination, despite favorable interactions of the mono- and difluorinated anchors with the binding pocket, indicating a trade-off between energetically favorable protein-fluorine interactions and increased desolvation penalties. Taken together, the optimized carbazole scaffold provides a promising starting point for the development of high-affinity ligands to reactivate the tumor suppressor function of the p53 mutant Y220C in cancer cells.
PDB ID: 5G4NDownload
MMDB ID: 140273
PDB Deposition Date: 2016/5/13
Updated in MMDB: 2016/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.35  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5G4N: monomeric; determined by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5G4N
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Cellular Tumor Antigen P53(Gene symbol: TP53)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
1
1
2
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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