5FOI: Crystal Structure Of Mycinamicin Viii C21 Methyl Hydroxylase Mycci From Micromonospora Griseorubida Bound To Mycinamicin Viii

Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are some of nature's most ubiquitous and versatile enzymes for performing oxidative metabolic transformations. Their unmatched ability to selectively functionalize inert C-H bonds has led to their increasing employment in academic and industrial settings for the production of fine and commodity chemicals. Many of the most interesting and potentially biocatalytically useful P450s come from microorganisms, where they catalyze key tailoring reactions in natural product biosynthetic pathways. While most of these enzymes act on structurally complex pathway intermediates with high selectivity, they often exhibit narrow substrate scope, thus limiting their broader application. In the present study, we investigated the reactivity of the P450 MycCI from the mycinamicin biosynthetic pathway toward a variety of macrocyclic compounds and discovered that the enzyme exhibits appreciable activity on several 16-membered ring macrolactones independent of their glycosylation state. These results were corroborated by performing equilibrium substrate binding experiments, steady-state kinetics studies, and X-ray crystallographic analysis of MycCI bound to its native substrate mycinamicin VIII. We also characterized TylHI, a homologous P450 from the tylosin pathway, and showed that its substrate scope is severely restricted compared to MycCI. Thus, the ability of the latter to hydroxylate both macrocyclic aglycones and macrolides sets it apart from related biosynthetic P450s and highlights its potential for developing novel P450 biocatalysts with broad substrate scope and high regioselectivity.
PDB ID: 5FOIDownload
MMDB ID: 141315
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/11/22
Updated in MMDB: 2016/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.21  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5FOI: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5FOI
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Mycinamicin Viii C21 Methyl Hydroxylase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (6 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB