5EPH: Crystal structure of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase BEL-1 in complex with Imipenem

BEL-1 is an acquired class A extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Belgium which is divergent from other ESBLs (maximum identity of 54% with GES-type enzymes). This enzyme is efficiently inhibited by clavulanate, imipenem, and moxalactam. Crystals of BEL-1 were obtained at pH 5.6, and the structure of native BEL-1 was determined from orthorhombic and monoclinic crystal forms at 1.60-A and 1.48-A resolution, respectively. By soaking native BEL-1 crystals, complexes with imipenem (monoclinic form, 1.79-A resolution) and moxalactam (orthorhombic form, 1.85-A resolution) were also obtained. In the acyl-enzyme complexes, imipenem and moxalactam differ by the position of the alpha-substituent and of the carbonyl oxygen (in or out of the oxyanion hole). More surprisingly, the Omega-loop, which includes the catalytically relevant residue Glu166, was found in different conformations in the various subunits, resulting in the Glu166 side chain being rotated out of the active site or even in displacement of its Calpha atom up to approximately 10 A. A BEL-1 variant showing the single Leu162Phe substitution (BEL-2) confers a higher level of resistance to CAZ, CTX, and FEP and shows significantly lower Km values than BEL-1, especially with oxyiminocephalosporins. BEL-1 Leu162 is located at the beginning of the Omega-loop and is surrounded by Phe72, Leu139, and Leu148 (contact distances, 3.5 to 3.9 A). This small hydrophobic cavity could not reasonably accommodate the bulkier Phe162 found in BEL-2 without altering neighboring residues or the Omega-loop itself, thus likely causing an important alteration of the enzyme kinetic properties.
PDB ID: 5EPHDownload
MMDB ID: 143237
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/11/11
Updated in MMDB: 2016/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.79  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5EPH: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 5EPH
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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