5EAU: 5-Epi-Aristolochene Synthase From Nicotiana Tabacum

Citation:
Abstract
Terpene cyclases catalyze the synthesis of cyclic terpenes with 10-, 15-, and 20-carbon acyclic isoprenoid diphosphates as substrates. Plants have been a source of these natural products by providing a homologous set of terpene synthases. The crystal structures of 5-epi-aristolochene synthase, a sesquiterpene cyclase from tobacco, alone and complexed separately with two farnesyl diphosphate analogs were analyzed. These structures reveal an unexpected enzymatic mechanism for the synthesis of the bicyclic product, 5-epi-aristolochene, and provide a basis for understanding the stereochemical selectivity displayed by other cyclases in the biosynthesis of pharmacologically important cyclic terpenes. As such, these structures provide templates for the engineering of novel terpene cyclases.
PDB ID: 5EAUDownload
MMDB ID: 58487
PDB Deposition Date: 1997/12/11
Updated in MMDB: 2012/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.15  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5EAU: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 5EAU
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
5-epi-aristolochene Synthase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
1
2
2
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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