5DZF: Crystal Structure of the catalytic nucleophile mutant of VvEG16 in complex with a mixed-linkage glucan octasaccharide

The xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase (XTH) gene family encodes enzymes of central importance to plant cell wall remodeling. The evolutionary history of plant XTH gene products is incompletely understood vis-a-vis the larger body of bacterial endoglycanases in Glycoside Hydrolase Family 16 (GH16). To provide molecular insight into this issue, high-resolution X-ray crystal structures and detailed enzyme kinetics of an extant transitional plant endoglucanase (EG) were determined. Functionally intermediate between plant XTH gene products and bacterial licheninases of GH16, Vitis vinifera EG16 (VvEG16) effectively catalyzes the hydrolysis of the backbones of two dominant plant cell wall matrix glycans, xyloglucan (XyG) and beta(1,3)/beta(1,4)-mixed-linkage glucan (MLG). Crystallographic complexes with extended oligosaccharide substrates reveal the structural basis for the accommodation of both unbranched, mixed-linked (MLG) and highly decorated, linear (XyG) polysaccharide chains in a broad, extended active-site cleft. Structural comparison with representative bacterial licheninases, a xyloglucan endotranglycosylase (XET), and a xyloglucan endohydrolase (XEH) outline the functional ramifications of key sequence deletions and insertions across the phylogenetic landscape of GH16. Although the biological role(s) of EG16 orthologs remains to be fully resolved, the present biochemical and tertiary structural characterization provides key insight into plant cell wall enzyme evolution, which will continue to inform genomic analyses and functional studies across species.
PDB ID: 5DZFDownload
MMDB ID: 143228
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/9/25
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.65  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5DZF: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5DZF
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (10 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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