5BXL: Yeast 20S proteasome beta2-G170A mutant

Citation:
Abstract
By N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis, we generated the mutant mouse line TUB6 that is characterised by severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and systemic sterile autoinflammation in homozygotes, and a selective T cell defect in heterozygotes. The causative missense point mutation results in the single amino acid exchange G170W in multicatalytic endopeptidase complex subunit-1 (MECL-1), the beta2i-subunit of the immuno- and thymoproteasome. Yeast mutagenesis and crystallographic data suggest that the severe TUB6-phenotype compared to the MECL-1 knockout mouse is caused by structural changes in the C-terminal appendage of beta2i that prevent the biogenesis of immuno- and thymoproteasomes. Proteasomes are essential for cell survival, and defective proteasome assembly causes selective death of cells expressing the mutant MECL-1, leading to the severe immunological phenotype. In contrast to the immunosubunits beta1i (LMP2) and beta5i (LMP7), mutations in the gene encoding MECL-1 have not yet been assigned to human disorders. The TUB6 mutant mouse line exemplifies the involvement of MECL-1 in immunopathogenesis and provides the first mouse model for primary immuno- and thymoproteasome-associated immunodeficiency that may also be relevant in humans.
PDB ID: 5BXLDownload
MMDB ID: 140040
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/6/9
Updated in MMDB: 2018/07
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.8  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5BXL: 28-meric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5BXL
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (28 molecules)
2
Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-2(Gene symbol: PRE8)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-3(Gene symbol: PRE9)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-4(Gene symbol: PRE6)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-5(Gene symbol: PUP2)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-6(Gene symbol: PRE5)
Molecule annotation
2
Probable Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-7(Gene symbol: PRE10)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Alpha Type-1(Gene symbol: SCL1)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-2(Gene symbol: PUP1)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-3(Gene symbol: PUP3)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-4(Gene symbol: PRE1)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-5(Gene symbol: PRE2)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-6(Gene symbol: PRE7)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-7(Gene symbol: PRE4)
Molecule annotation
2
Proteasome Subunit Beta Type-1(Gene symbol: PRE3)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (11 molecules)
1
9
2
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB
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