5BVR: Actin binding domain of alpha-actinin from Schizosaccharomyces pombe

Citation:
Abstract
The actin cytoskeleton plays a fundamental role in eukaryotic cells. Its reorganization is regulated by a plethora of actin-modulating proteins, such as a-actinin. In higher organisms, alpha-actinin is characterized by the presence of three distinct structural domains: an N-terminal actin-binding domain and a C-terminal region with EF-hand motif separated by a central rod domain with four spectrin repeats. Sequence analysis has revealed that the central rod domain of alpha-actinin from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe consists of only two spectrin repeats. To obtain a firmer understanding of the structure and function of this unconventional alpha-actinin, we have cloned and characterized each structural domain. Our results show that this a-actinin isoform is capable of forming dimers and that the rod domain is required for this. However, its actin-binding and cross-linking activity appears less efficient compared to conventional alpha-actinins. The solved crystal structure of the actin-binding domain indicates that the closed state is stabilised by hydrogen bonds and a salt bridge not present in other alpha-actinins, which may reduce the affinity for actin.
PDB ID: 5BVRDownload
MMDB ID: 137666
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/6/5
Updated in MMDB: 2018/06
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.46  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5BVR: monomeric; determined by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5BVR
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Alpha-actinin-like Protein 1(Gene symbol: ain1)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
1
3
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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