National Center for
5B68: Crystal Structure Of Apo Amylomaltase From Corynebacterium Glutamicum
J. Agric. Food Chem. (2016) 64 p.5662-5670
Amylomaltase is an essential enzyme in maltose utilization and maltodextrin metabolism, and it has been industrially used for the production of cyclodextrin and modification of starch. We determined the crystal structure of amylomaltase from Corynebacterium glutamicum (CgAM) at a resolution of 1.7 A. Although CgAM forms a dimer without NaCl, it exists as a monomer in physiological concentration of NaCl. CgAM is composed of N- and C-terminal domains, which can be further divided into two and four subdomains, respectively. It exhibits a unique structural feature at the functionally unknown N-domain and also shows two striking differences at the C-domain compared to other amylomaltases. These differences at extended edge of the substrate-binding site might affect substrate specificity for large cyclodextrin formation. The bis-tris methane and sulfate molecules bound at the substrate-binding site of our current structure mimic the binding of the hydroxyl groups of glucose bound at subsites -1 and -2, respectively.