5AC4: Gh20c, Beta-hexosaminidase From Streptococcus Pneumoniae In Complex With Galnac

An important facet of the interaction between the pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and its human host is the ability of this bacterium to process host glycans. To achieve cleavage of the glycosidic bonds in host glycans, S. pneumoniae deploys a wide array of glycoside hydrolases. Here, we identify and characterize a new family 20 glycoside hydrolase, GH20C, from S. pneumoniae. Recombinant GH20C possessed the ability to hydrolyze the beta-linkages joining either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine to a wide variety of aglycon residues, thus revealing this enzyme to be a generalist N-acetylhexosaminidase in vitro. X-ray crystal structures were determined for GH20C in a ligand-free form, in complex with the N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylgalactosamine products of catalysis and in complex with both gluco- and galacto-configured inhibitors O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranosylidene)amino N-phenyl carbamate (PUGNAc), O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactopyranosylidene)amino N-phenyl carbamate (GalPUGNAc), N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-thiazoline (NGT), and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-thiazoline (GalNGT) at resolutions from 1.84 to 2.7 A. These structures showed N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylgalactosamine to be recognized via identical sets of molecular interactions. Although the same sets of interaction were maintained with the gluco- and galacto-configured inhibitors, the inhibition constants suggested preferred recognition of the axial O4 when an aglycon moiety was present (Ki for PUGNAc > GalPUGNAc) but preferred recognition of an equatorial O4 when the aglycon was absent (Ki for GalNGT > NGT). Overall, this study reveals GH20C to be another tool that is unique in the arsenal of S. pneumoniae and that it may implement the effort of the bacterium to utilize and/or destroy the wide array of host glycans that it may encounter.
PDB ID: 5AC4Download
MMDB ID: 132898
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/8/11
Updated in MMDB: 2015/09
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.08  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 5AC4: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 5AC4
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
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Citing MMDB