4ZU2: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Atue

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of only a few Pseudomonas species that are able to use acyclic monoterpenoids, such as citronellol and citronellate, as carbon and energy sources. This is achieved by the acyclic terpene utilization pathway (Atu), which includes at least six enzymes (AtuA, AtuB, AtuCF, AtuD, AtuE, AtuG) and is coupled to a functional leucine-isovalerate utilization (Liu) pathway. Here, quantitative proteome analysis was performed to elucidate the terpene metabolism of P. aeruginosa. The proteomics survey identified 187 proteins, including AtuA to AtuG and LiuA to LiuE, which were increased in abundance in the presence of citronellate. In particular, two hydratases, AtuE and the PA4330 gene product, out of more than a dozen predicted in the P. aeruginosa proteome showed an increased abundance in the presence of citronellate. AtuE (isohexenyl-glutaconyl coenzyme A [CoA] hydratase; EC most likely catalyzes the hydration of the unsaturated distal double bond in the isohexenyl-glutaconyl-CoA thioester to yield 3-hydroxy-3-isohexenyl-glutaryl-CoA. Determination of the crystal structure of AtuE at a 2.13-A resolution revealed a fold similar to that found in the hydratase (crotonase) superfamily and provided insights into the nature of the active site. The AtuE active-site architecture showed a significantly broader cavity than other crotonase superfamily members, in agreement with the need to accommodate the branched isoprenoid unit of terpenes. Glu139 was identified to be a potential catalytic residue, while the backbone NH groups of Gly116 and Gly68 likely form an oxyanion hole. The present work deepens the understanding of terpene metabolism in Pseudomonas and may serve as a basis to develop new strategies for the biotechnological production of terpenoids.
PDB ID: 4ZU2Download
MMDB ID: 131145
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/5/15
Updated in MMDB: 2015/09
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.15  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4ZU2: trimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4ZU2
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (3 molecules)
Putative Isohexenylglutaconyl-coa Hydratase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (14 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB