4ZDP: The Crystal Structure Of Y334c Mutant Of Human Sepsecs In Complex With Selenocysteine Trna (trnasec)

Selenocysteine synthase (SepSecS) catalyzes the terminal reaction of selenocysteine, and is vital for human selenoproteome integrity. Autosomal recessive inheritance of mutations in SepSecS-Ala239Thr, Thr325Ser, Tyr334Cys and Tyr429*-induced severe, early-onset, neurological disorders in distinct human populations. Although harboring different mutant alleles, patients presented remarkably similar phenotypes typified by cerebellar and cerebral atrophy, seizures, irritability, ataxia, and extreme spasticity. However, it has remained unclear how these genetic alterations affected the structure of SepSecS and subsequently elicited the development of a neurological pathology. Herein, our biophysical and structural characterization demonstrates that, with the exception of Tyr429*, pathogenic mutations decrease protein stability and trigger protein misfolding. We propose that the reduced stability and increased propensity towards misfolding are the main causes for the loss of SepSecS activity in afflicted patients, and that these factors contribute to disease progression. We also suggest that misfolding of enzymes regulating protein synthesis should be considered in the diagnosis and study of childhood neurological disorders.
PDB ID: 4ZDPDownload
MMDB ID: 143190
PDB Deposition Date: 2015/4/17
Updated in MMDB: 2017/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.7  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4ZDP: pentameric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 4ZDP
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (4 molecules)
O-phosphoseryl-trna(sec) Selenium Transferase(Gene symbol: SEPSECS)
Molecule annotation
Nucleotide(1 molecule)
Selenocysteine tRNA
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (8 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB