National Center for
4X6H: Development Of N-(functionalized Benzoyl)-homocycloleucyl- Glycinonitriles As Potent Cathepsin K Inhibitors
Development of N-(Functionalized benzoyl)-homocycloleucyl-glycinonitriles as Potent Cathepsin K Inhibitors
J. Med. Chem. (2015) 58 p.6928-6937
Cathepsin K is a major drug target for osteoporosis and related-bone disorders. Using a combination of virtual combinatorial chemistry, QSAR modeling, and molecular docking studies, a series of cathepsin K inhibitors based on N-(functionalized benzoyl)-homocycloleucyl-glycinonitrile scaffold was developed. In order to avoid previous problems of cathepsin K inhibitors associated with lysosomotropism of compounds with basic character that resulted in off-target effects, a weakly- to nonbasic moiety was incorporated into the P3 position. Compounds 5, 6, and 9 were highly selective for cathepsin K when compared with cathepsins L and S, with the Ki values in the 10-30 nM range. The kinetic studies revealed that the new compounds exhibited reversible tight binding to cathepsin K, while the X-ray structural studies showed covalent and noncovalent binding between the nitrile group and the catalytic cysteine (Cys25) site.