4UZF: R66e Mutant Of Fad Synthetase From Corynebacterium Ammoniagenes

Citation:
Abstract
Prokaryotic FAD synthetases (FADSs) are bifunctional enzymes composed of two modules, the C-terminal module with ATP:riboflavin kinase (RFK) activity, and the N-terminus with ATP:FMN adenylyltransferase (FMNAT) activity. The FADS from Corynebacterium ammoniagenes, CaFADS, forms transient oligomers during catalysis. These oligomers are stabilized by several interactions between the RFK and FMNAT sites from neighboring protomers, which otherwise are separated in the monomeric enzyme. Among these inter-protomer interactions, the salt bridge between E268 at the RFK site and R66 at the FMNAT-module is particularly relevant, as E268 is the catalytic base of the kinase reaction. Here we have introduced point mutations at R66 to analyze the impact of the salt-bridge on ligand binding and catalysis. Interestingly, these mutations have only mild effects on ligand binding and kinetic properties of the FMNAT-module (where R66 is located), but considerably impair the RFK activity turnover. Substitutions of R66 also modulate the ratio between monomeric and oligomeric species and modify the quaternary arrangement observed by single-molecule methods. Therefore, our data further support the cross-talk between the RFK- and FMNAT-modules of neighboring protomers in the CaFADS enzyme, and establish the participation of R66 in the modulation of the geometry of the RFK active site during catalysis.
PDB ID: 4UZFDownload
MMDB ID: 128440
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/9/5
Updated in MMDB: 2017/08
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.52  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4UZF: hexameric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4UZF
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (6 molecules)
6
Riboflavin Biosynthesis Protein Ribf
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (12 molecules)
1
6
2
6
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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