National Center for
4TWY: Structure Of Sars-3cl Protease Complex With A Phenylbenzoyl (s,r)-n- Decalin Type Inhibitor
Bioorg. Med. Chem. (2015) 23 p.876-890
The design and evaluation of a novel decahydroisoquinolin scaffold as an inhibitor for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) chymotrypsin-like protease (3CL(pro)) are described. Focusing on hydrophobic interactions at the S2 site, the decahydroisoquinolin scaffold was designed by connecting the P2 site cyclohexyl group of the substrate-based inhibitor to the main-chain at the alpha-nitrogen atom of the P2 position via a methylene linker. Starting from a cyclohexene enantiomer obtained by salt resolution, trans-decahydroisoquinolin derivatives were synthesized. All decahydroisoquinolin inhibitors synthesized showed moderate but clear inhibitory activities for SARS 3CL(pro), which confirmed the fused ring structure of the decahydroisoquinolin functions as a novel scaffold for SARS 3CL(pro) inhibitor. X-ray crystallographic analyses of the SARS 3CL(pro) in a complex with the decahydroisoquinolin inhibitor revealed the expected interactions at the S1 and S2 sites, as well as additional interactions at the N-substituent of the inhibitor.