4TTG: Beta-galactosidase (e. Coli) In The Presence Of Potassium Chloride

Citation:
Abstract
Many enzymes require a specific monovalent cation (M(+)), that is either Na(+) or K(+), for optimal activity. While high selectivity M(+) sites in transport proteins have been extensively studied, enzyme M(+) binding sites generally have lower selectivity and are less characterized. Here we study the M(+) binding site of the model enzyme E. coli beta-galactosidase, which is about 10 fold selective for Na(+) over K(+). Combining data from X-ray crystallography and computational models, we find the electrostatic environment predominates in defining the Na(+) selectivity. In this lower selectivity site rather subtle influences on the electrostatic environment become significant, including the induced polarization effects of the M(+) on the coordinating ligands and the effect of second coordination shell residues on the charge distribution of the primary ligands. This work expands the knowledge of ion selectivity in proteins to denote novel mechanisms important for the selectivity of M(+) sites in enzymes.
PDB ID: 4TTGDownload
MMDB ID: 128078
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/6/20
Updated in MMDB: 2017/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.6  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4TTG: tetrameric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4TTG
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (4 molecules)
4
Beta-galactosidase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (163 molecules)
1
14
2
16
3
1
4
132
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB
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