National Center for
4RRO: 8-tetrahydropyran-2-yl Chromans: Highly Selective Beta-site Amyloid Precursor Protein Cleaving Enzyme 1 (bace1) Inhibitors
8-Tetrahydropyran-2-yl Chromans: Highly Selective Beta-Site Amyloid Precursor Protein Cleaving Enzyme 1 (BACE1) Inhibitors
J. Med. Chem. (2014) 57 p.10112-10129
A series of 2,3,4,4a,10,10a-hexahydropyrano[3,2-b]chromene analogs was developed that demonstrated high selectivity (>2000-fold) for BACE1 vs Cathepsin D (CatD). Three different Asp-binding moieties were examined: spirocyclic acyl guanidines, aminooxazolines, and aminothiazolines in order to modulate potency, selectivity, efflux, and permeability. Guided by structure based design, changes to P2' and P3 moieties were explored. A conformationally restricted P2' methyl group provided inhibitors with excellent cell potency (37-137 nM) and selectivity (435 to >2000-fold) for BACE1 vs CatD. These efforts lead to compound 59, which demonstrated a 69% reduction in rat CSF Abeta1-40 at 60 mg/kg (PO).