National Center for
4QG1: Crystal Structure Of The Tetrameric Gtp/datp-bound Samhd1 (rn206) Mutant Catalytic Core
Structural Basis of Allosteric Activation of Sterile alpha Motif and Histidine-Aspartate Domain-containing Protein 1 (SAMHD1) by Nucleoside Triphosphates
J. Biol. Chem. (2014) 289 p.32617-32627
Sterile alpha motif and histidine-aspartate domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) plays a critical role in inhibiting HIV infection, curtailing the pool of dNTPs available for reverse transcription of the viral genome. Recent structural data suggested a compelling mechanism for the regulation of SAMHD1 enzymatic activity and revealed dGTP-induced association of two inactive dimers into an active tetrameric enzyme. Here, we present the crystal structures of SAMHD1 catalytic core (residues 113-626) tetramers, complexed with mixtures of nucleotides, including dGTP/dATP, dGTP/dCTP, dGTP/dTTP, and dGTP/dUTP. The combined structural and biochemical data provide insight into dNTP promiscuity at the secondary allosteric site and how enzymatic activity is modulated. In addition, we present biochemical analyses of GTP-induced SAMHD1 full-length tetramerization and the structure of SAMHD1 catalytic core tetramer in complex with GTP/dATP, revealing the structural basis of GTP-mediated SAMHD1 activation. Altogether, the data presented here advance our understanding of SAMHD1 function during cellular homeostasis.