4Q74: F241a Fc

Citation:
Abstract
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a central mediator of host defense due to its ability to recognize and eliminate pathogens. The recognition and effector responses are encoded on distinct regions of IgGs. The diversity of the antigen recognition Fab domains accounts for IgG's ability to bind with high specificity to essentially any antigen. Recent studies have indicated that the Fc effector domain also displays considerable heterogeneity, accounting for its complex effector functions of inflammation, modulation, and immune suppression. Therapeutic anti-tumor antibodies, for example, require the pro-inflammatory properties of the IgG Fc to eliminate tumor cells, while the anti-inflammatory activity of intravenous IgG requires specific Fc glycans for activity. In particular, the anti-inflammatory activity of intravenous IgG is ascribed to a small population of IgGs in which the Asn297-linked complex N-glycans attached to each Fc CH2 domain include terminal alpha2,6-linked sialic acids. We used chemoenzymatic glycoengineering to prepare fully disialylated IgG Fc and solved its crystal structure. Comparison of the structures of asialylated Fc, sialylated Fc, and F241A Fc, a mutant that displays increased glycan sialylation, suggests that increased conformational flexibility of the CH2 domain is associated with the switch from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory activity of the Fc.
PDB ID: 4Q74Download
MMDB ID: 121764
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/4/24
Updated in MMDB: 2014/09
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.19  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4Q74: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4Q74
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
IG Gamma-1 Chain C Region(Gene symbol: IGHG1)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (16 molecules)
1
7
2
2
3
2
4
3
5
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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