National Center for
4Q2K: Bovine Alpha Chymotrypsin Bound To A Cyclic Peptide Inhibitor, 5b
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (2014) 53 p.7828-7831
There is a real need for simple structures that define a beta-strand conformation, a secondary structure that is central to peptide-protein interactions. For example, protease substrates and inhibitors almost universally adopt this geometry on active site binding. A planar pyrrole is used to replace two amino acids of a peptide backbone to generate a simple macrocycle that retains the required geometry for active site binding. The resulting beta-strand templates have reduced peptide character and provide potent protease inhibitors with the attachment of an appropriate amino aldehyde to the C-terminus. Picomolar inhibitors of cathepsin L and S are reported and the mode of binding of one example to the model protease chymotrypsin is defined by X-ray crystallography.