4PYM: humanized rat apo-COMT bound to sulphate

Methylation catalysed by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is the main pathway of catechol neurotransmitter deactivation in the prefrontal cortex. Low levels of this class of neurotransmitters are held to be causative of diseases such as schizophrenia, depression and Parkinson's disease. Inhibition of COMT may increase neurotransmitter levels, thus offering a route for treatment. Structure-based drug design hitherto seems to be based on the closed enzyme conformation. Here, a set of apo, semi-holo, holo and Michaelis form crystal structures are described that define the conformational space available to COMT and that include likely intermediates along the catalytic pathway. Domain swaps and sizeable loop movements around the active site testify to the flexibility of this enzyme, rendering COMT a difficult drug target. The low affinity of the co-substrate S-adenosylmethionine and the large conformational changes involved during catalysis highlight significant energetic investment to achieve the closed conformation. Since each conformation of COMT is a bona fide target for inhibitors, other states than the closed conformation may be promising to address. Crystallographic data for an alternative avenue of COMT inhibition, i.e. locking of the apo state by an inhibitor, are presented. The set of COMT structures may prove to be useful for the development of novel classes of inhibitors.
PDB ID: 4PYMDownload
MMDB ID: 120664
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/3/27
Updated in MMDB: 2014/08
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.19  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4PYM: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4PYM
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Catechol O-methyltransferase(Gene symbol: Comt)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB