4PTV: Halothermothrix Orenii Beta-glucosidase A, Thiocellobiose Complex

Lactose is a major disaccharide by-product from the dairy industries, and production of whey alone amounts to about 200 million tons globally each year. Thus, it is of particular interest to identify improved enzymatic processes for lactose utilization. Microbial beta-glucosidases (BGL) with significant beta-galactosidase (BGAL) activity can be used to convert lactose to glucose (Glc) and galactose (Gal), and most retaining BGLs also synthesize more complex sugars from the monosaccharides by transglycosylation, such as galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), which are prebiotic compounds that stimulate growth of beneficial gut bacteria. In this work, a BGL from the thermophilic and halophilic bacterium Halothermothrix orenii, HoBGLA, was characterized biochemically and structurally. It is an unspecific beta-glucosidase with mixed activities for different substrates and prominent activity with various galactosidases such as lactose. We show that HoBGLA is an attractive candidate for industrial lactose conversion based on its high activity and stability within a broad pH range (4.5-7.5), with maximal beta-galactosidase activity at pH 6.0. The temperature optimum is in the range of 65-70 degrees C, and HoBGLA also shows excellent thermostability at this temperature range. The main GOS products from HoBGLA transgalactosylation are beta-D-Galp-(1-->6)-D-Lac (6GALA) and beta-D-Galp-(1-->3)-D-Lac (3GALA), indicating that D-lactose is a better galactosyl acceptor than either of the monosaccharides. To evaluate ligand binding and guide GOS modeling, crystal structures of HoBGLA were determined in complex with thiocellobiose, 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose and glucose. The two major GOS products, 3GALA and 6GALA, were modeled in the substrate-binding cleft of wild-type HoBGLA and shown to be favorably accommodated.
PDB ID: 4PTVDownload
MMDB ID: 123436
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/3/11
Updated in MMDB: 2014/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.85  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4PTV: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4PTV
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Glycoside Hydrolase Family 1
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB