4PE0: Crystal Structure of Calcium-loaded S100B bound to SBi4434

Citation:
Abstract
Elevated levels of the tumor marker S100B are observed in malignant melanoma, and this EF-hand-containing protein was shown to directly bind wild-type (wt) p53 in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner, dissociate the p53 tetramer, and inhibit its tumor suppression functions. Likewise, inhibiting S100B with small interfering RNA (siRNA(S100B)) is sufficient to restore wild-type p53 levels and its downstream gene products and induce the arrest of cell growth and UV-dependent apoptosis in malignant melanoma. Therefore, it is a goal to develop S100B inhibitors (SBiXs) that inhibit the S100B-p53 complex and restore active p53 in this deadly cancer. Using a structure-activity relationship by nuclear magnetic resonance approach (SAR by NMR), three persistent binding pockets are found on S100B, termed sites 1-3. While inhibitors that simultaneously bind sites 2 and 3 are in place, no molecules that simultaneously bind all three persistent sites are available. For this purpose, Cys84 was used in this study as a potential means to bridge sites 1 and 2 because it is located in a small crevice between these two deeper pockets on the protein. Using a fluorescence polarization competition assay, several Cys84-modified S100B complexes were identified and examined further. For five such SBiX-S100B complexes, crystallographic structures confirmed their covalent binding to Cys84 near site 2 and thus present straightforward chemical biology strategies for bridging sites 1 and 3. Importantly, one such compound, SC1982, showed an S100B-dependent death response in assays with WM115 malignant melanoma cells, so it will be particularly useful for the design of SBiX molecules with improved affinity and specificity.
PDB ID: 4PE0Download
MMDB ID: 124478
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/4/22
Updated in MMDB: 2017/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.08  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4PE0: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4PE0
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Protein S100-b(Gene symbol: S100B)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (6 molecules)
1
2
2
4
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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