National Center for
4N3L: Crystal Structure Of Thrombin In Complex With A Novel Glucose- Conjugated Potent Inhibitor
How a beta-d-Glucoside Side Chain Enhances Binding Affinity to Thrombin of Inhibitors Bearing 2-Chlorothiophene as P1 Moiety: Crystallography, Fragment Deconstruction Study, and Evaluation of Antithrombotic Properties
J. Med. Chem. (2014) 57 p.8563-8575
The beta-d-glucose-containing compound 3, bearing 2-chlorothiophene and 1-isopropylpiperidine moieties as binders of the S1 and S4 pockets, respectively, proved to be potent competitive inhibitor of factor Xa (fXa, Ki = 0.090 nM) and thrombin (fIIa, Ki = 100 nM). The potency of 3 increases, over the parent compound 1, against fIIa (110-fold), much more than against fXa (7-fold). Experimental deconstruction of 3 into smaller fragments revealed a binding cooperativity of the P3/P4 and propylene-linked beta-d-glucose fragments, stronger in fIIa (15.5 kJ.mol(-1)) than in fXa (2.8 kJ.mol(-1)). The crystal structure of human fIIa in complex with 3 revealed a binding mode including a strong H-bond network between the glucose O1', O3', and O5' and two critical residues, namely R221a and K224, belonging to the Na(+)-binding site which may allosterically perturb the specificity sites. The potential of 3 as antithrombotic agent was supported by its ability to inhibit thrombin generation and to stimulate fibrinolysis at submicromolar concentration.
*This structure record is obsolete.
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.